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dc.contributor.author
Herter-Aeberli, Isabelle
dc.contributor.author
Osuna, Ester
dc.contributor.author
Sarnovská, Zuzana
dc.contributor.author
Zimmermann, Michael B.
dc.date.accessioned
2019-09-17T08:18:01Z
dc.date.available
2019-09-14T02:41:16Z
dc.date.available
2019-09-17T08:18:01Z
dc.date.issued
2019
dc.identifier.other
10.3390/nu11081922
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/364007
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000364007
dc.description.abstract
Despite a global increase in childhood obesity over the past decades, several countries, including Switzerland, have recently reported stabilizing trends. Using national data from school-aged children in Switzerland over the past 16 years, our study aim was to assess changes in the prevalence of overweight and obesity, central adiposity and predictors of obesity related to lifestyle and parental factors. Nationally representative samples of children aged 6–12 years were studied in 2002 (n = 2493), 2007 (n = 2218), 2012 (n = 2963), and 2017/18 (n = 2279). Height and weight, waist circumference, and multiple skinfold thicknesses were measured. Potential risk factors for overweight and obesity were determined using a self-administered questionnaire in 2017/18, collecting data on diet, physical activity, and parental factors. Prevalence (95% CI) of overweight (incl. obesity) and obesity in 2017/18 was 15.9% (14.4–17.4) and 5.3% (4.5–6.3), respectively. Binary logistic regression revealed a small but significant decrease in the prevalence of overweight (including obesity) since 2002 (OR (95% CI) = 0.988 (0.978–0.997)), while the change in obesity alone was not significant. The most important risk factors for childhood overweight/obesity in 2017/18 were low parental education, non-Swiss origin of the parents, low physical activity of the child, and male sex. In conclusion, we have shown a small but significant declining trend in the childhood overweight/obesity prevalence over the past 15 years in Switzerland. Based on the risk factor analysis, preventive action in schoolchildren might be most effective in boys, migrant populations, and families with lower education, and should emphasize physical activity.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
MDPI
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject
childhood obesity
en_US
dc.subject
waist circumference
en_US
dc.subject
Switzerland
en_US
dc.subject
overweight
en_US
dc.subject
skinfold thickness
en_US
dc.subject
physical activity
en_US
dc.title
Significant Decrease in Childhood Obesity and Waist Circumference over 15 Years in Switzerland: A Repeated Cross-Sectional Study
en_US
dc.type
Journal Article
dc.rights.license
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
dc.date.published
2019-08-15
ethz.journal.title
Nutrients
ethz.journal.volume
11
en_US
ethz.journal.issue
8
en_US
ethz.pages.start
1922
en_US
ethz.size
16 p.
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
publishedVersion
en_US
ethz.identifier.wos
ethz.identifier.scopus
ethz.publication.place
Basel
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02070 - Dep. Gesundheitswiss. und Technologie / Dep. of Health Sciences and Technology::02701 - Inst.f. Lebensmittelwiss.,Ernährung,Ges. / Institute of Food, Nutrition, and Health::03957 - Zimmermann, Michael Bruce / Zimmermann, Michael Bruce
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02070 - Dep. Gesundheitswiss. und Technologie / Dep. of Health Sciences and Technology::02701 - Inst.f. Lebensmittelwiss.,Ernährung,Ges. / Institute of Food, Nutrition, and Health::03957 - Zimmermann, Michael Bruce / Zimmermann, Michael Bruce
ethz.date.deposited
2019-09-14T02:41:28Z
ethz.source
SCOPUS
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2019-09-17T08:18:14Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2021-02-15T05:54:07Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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