Synthetic lethality between BRCA1 deficiency and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibition is modulated by processing of endogenous oxidative DNA damage
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARPs) facilitate the repair of DNA single-strand breaks (SSBs). When PARPs are inhibited, unrepaired SSBs colliding with replication forks give rise to cytotoxic double-strand breaks. These are normally rescued by homologous recombination (HR), but, in cells with suboptimal HR, PARP inhibition leads to genomic instability and cell death, a phenomenon currently exploited in the therapy of ovarian cancers in BRCA1/2 mutation carriers. In spite of their promise, resistance to PARP inhibitors (PARPis) has already emerged. In order to identify the possible underlying causes of the resistance, we set out to identify the endogenous source of DNA damage that activates PARPs. We argued that if the toxicity of PARPis is indeed caused by unrepaired SSBs, these breaks must arise spontaneously, because PARPis are used as single agents. We now show that a significant contributor to PARPi toxicity is oxygen metabolism. While BRCA1-depleted or -mutated cells were hypersensitive to the clinically approved PARPi olaparib, its toxicity was significantly attenuated by depletion of OGG1 or MYH DNA glycosylases, as well as by treatment with reactive oxygen species scavengers, growth under hypoxic conditions or chemical OGG1 inhibition. Thus, clinical resistance to PARPi therapy may emerge simply through reduced efficiency of oxidative damage repair. Show more
Journal / seriesNucleic Acids Research
Pages / Article No.
PublisherOxford University Press
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