Output-Only Vibration-Based Monitoring of Civil Infrastructure via Sub-Nyquist/Compressive Measurements Supporting Reduced Wireless Data Transmission
Chatzi, Eleni N.
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
The consideration of wireless acceleration sensors is highly promising for cost-effective output-only system identification in the context of operational modal analysis (OMA) of large-scale civil structures as they alleviate the need for wiring. However, practical monitoring implementations for OMA using wireless units suffer a number of drawbacks related to wireless transmission of densely sampled acceleration time-series including the energy self-sustainability of the sensing nodes. In this work, two recently proposed approaches for output-only modal identification addressing the above issues through balancing monitoring accuracy with data transmission costs are comparatively studied and numerically assessed using field recorded acceleration datasets from two different structures: (i) an operating on-shore wind turbine, (ii) an open to traffic highway bridge. One approach utilizes non-uniform-in-time deterministic multi-coset sampling at sub-Nyquist rates to capture structural response acceleration time-series under ambient excitation assuming stationary signal conditions. In this approach, a power spectrum blind sampling technique is used to estimate the response acceleration power spectral density matrix from the low-rate sampled measurements and is coupled with the Frequency Domain Decomposition method of OMA. The other is a spectro-temporal compressive sensing approach which recovers response acceleration signals through time-series reconstruction in the time domain from sub-Nyquist non-uniform-in-time randomly sampled measurements. Prior knowledge of signal structure in the spectral domain is exploited through smart on-sensor operations and sensor/server communication. The benefits and limitations of the considered approaches are discussed and demonstrated by processing the field recorded datasets for different levels of signal compression and by estimating battery lifetime gains at a single sensor achieved by reduced data transmission. It is concluded that the two approaches are readily applicable in OMA of large-scale structures and can be used complementarily depending on the requirements of any particular acceleration monitoring campaign: time-series extraction for further interrogation vs. solely modal properties estimation. Show more
Journal / seriesFrontiers in Built Environment
Pages / Article No.
Subjectvibration-based modal identification; multi-coset sampling; spectro-temporal compressive sensing; blind power spectrum sampling; operational modal analysis; wireless sensors
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