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dc.contributor.author
Charitonidou, Marianna
dc.date.accessioned
2019-11-06T13:04:54Z
dc.date.available
2019-11-06T11:31:59Z
dc.date.available
2019-11-06T13:04:54Z
dc.date.issued
2019-10-25
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/375725
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000375725
dc.description.abstract
This paper focuses on the analysis of Ludwig Mies van der Rohe’s curriculum at the Department of Architecture of the Armour Institute of Technology, which would be renamed Illinois Institute of Tech-nology (IIT), and László Moholy-Nagy’s curriculum at the New Bauhaus in Chicago. Special attention is paid to the teaching of the “Visual Training” course at the Armour Institute of Technology, which had some affinities with the “Preliminary Course” (Vorkurs) of the Bauhaus and was taught by Walter Peterhans, a Bauhäusler invited by Mies to join the Armour Institute of Technology, and served “to train the eye and sense of design and to foster aesthetic appreciation in the world of proportions, forms, colors, textures and spaces”. Mies prioritized “Visual training” over freehand drawing. For him, visual training was “indispensable as a means of recording an idea”, and drawing was to be under-stood as “a means of fostering insight and stimulating ideas”. Mies’s “Program for Architectural Educa-tion” was founded on his belief that students should be confronted, during their very first year, with the awareness that technique and ideas are interlinked. For this reason, he encouraged students to use drawings as a means of seeing. The overarching curriculum moved from “Means” to “Purposes” to “Planning and Creating”. Among the most discussed features of Bauhaus pedagogy is the Preliminary Course, the so-called Vorkurs. The way László Moholy-Nagy, director of the New Bauhaus founded in 1937, incorporated certain aspects of the Vorkurs in his curriculum, and especially in the Preliminary Course, at the New Bauhaus maintained the binary relationship between technology and aesthetics characterising Bauhaus pedagogy: that between Werkmeister and Formmeister. However, Moly-Nagy replaced this binary relationship by a more complex tripartite system organised around art, science and technology. Moly-Nagy believed that a new individuality was a prerequisite condition for a new society and his pedagogy was based on an ensemble of concepts drawn from Goethe’s understand-ing of epistemology and John Dewey’s pragmatism. One of the main objectives of this paper is to show that Moly-Nagy’s pedagogical and epistemological vision was based on an effort to reconcile humanistic anti-materialism, and a perception of experience as a set of situations linked to Dewey’s conception of education.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
dc.subject
pedagogy of architecture
en_US
dc.subject
History and Theory of Architecture
en_US
dc.subject
Mies van der Rohe
en_US
dc.subject
László Moholy-Nagy
en_US
dc.subject
history and theory of arts
en_US
dc.subject
Philosophy
en_US
dc.title
Bauhäusler in Chicago: László Moholy-Nagy, Mies van der Rohe and the ‘Re-invention’ of Teaching Models
en_US
dc.type
Conference Paper
dc.rights.license
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International
ethz.size
19 p.
en_US
ethz.event
International Conference “Initiations – Practices of Teaching 1st Year Design in Architecture”
en_US
ethz.event.location
Nicosia, Cyprus.
en_US
ethz.event.date
October 23-25, 2019
en_US
ethz.notes
Conference held on October 25, 2019
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02100 - Dep. Architektur / Dep. of Architecture::02601 - Inst. f. Geschichte u. Theorie der Arch. / Inst. History and Theory of Architecture::09643 - Avermaete, Tom / Avermaete, Tom
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02100 - Dep. Architektur / Dep. of Architecture::02655 - Netzwerk Stadt und Landschaft D-ARCH
*
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02100 - Dep. Architektur / Dep. of Architecture::02601 - Inst. f. Geschichte u. Theorie der Arch. / Inst. History and Theory of Architecture::09643 - Avermaete, Tom / Avermaete, Tom
en_US
ethz.date.deposited
2019-11-06T11:32:07Z
ethz.source
FORM
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2019-11-06T13:05:12Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2020-02-15T22:21:10Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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