Comparison of Hierarchical Network Design Shape Grammars for Roads and Intersections
Axhausen, Kay W.
Urban systems are growing fast in many countries today and depend essentially on efficient transport networks. Significant productivity gains in urban systems can be achieved by improving transport infrastructure and thus reducing overall costs of travel. Shape grammars provide a solid foundation for coherent transport network design, and concurrently reduce complexity of planning processes. Shape grammars describe how network elements are joined with each other. However, only a few are listed in standards for network design without any fundamental research basis. Therefore, shape grammars remain vague and the standards lack of clear recommendations. In this paper, shape grammars for hierarchical network design are examined for different transport networks. The investigated shape grammars include different link and intersection types. The network models are artificially created to avoid a bias in the results due to history. The networks are optimized regarding an infrastructure and user cost function. Shape grammars significantly affect transport network performance. As expected, the distribution of link types affects the network efficiency. However, intersection types and the corresponding delays in travel time have a remarkable and even larger effect on network performance. In the future, more shape grammars will be examined to shed light on the impacts of relevant grammars for transport network design and to derive clear recommendations for urban planners Show more
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Journal / seriesArbeitsberichte Verkehrs- und Raumplanung
PublisherETH Zürich, Institut für Verkehrsplanung, Transporttechnik, Strassen- und Eisenbahnbau
Organisational unit03521 - Axhausen, Kay W.
02226 - NSL - Netzwerk Stadt und Landschaft / NSL - Network City and Landscape
NotesSee also: http://e-citations.ethbib.ethz.ch/view/pub:74175.
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