Elongation Patterns of the Collateral Ligaments After Total Knee Arthroplasty Are Dominated by the Knee Flexion Angle
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
The primary aim of this study was to assess the effects of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) implant design on collateral ligament elongation patterns that occur during level walking, downhill walking, and stair descent. Using a moving fluoroscope, tibiofemoral kinematics were captured in three groups of patients with different TKA implant designs, including posterior stabilized, medial stabilized, and ultra-congruent. The 3D in vivo joint kinematics were then fed into multibody models of the replaced knees and elongation patterns of virtual bundles connecting origin and insertion points of the medial and lateral collateral ligaments (MCL and LCL) were determined throughout complete cycles of all activities. Regardless of the implant design and activity type, non-isometric behavior of the collateral ligaments was observed. The LCL shortened with increasing knee flexion, while the MCL elongation demonstrated regional variability, ranging from lengthening of the anterior bundle to slackening of the posterior bundle. The implant component design did not demonstrate statistically significant effects on the collateral elongation patterns and this was consistent between the studied activities. This study revealed that post-TKA collateral ligament elongation is primarily determined by the knee flexion angle. The different anterior translation and internal rotation that were induced by three distinctive implant designs had minimal impact on the length change patterns of the collateral ligaments. Show more
Journal / seriesFrontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
Pages / Article No.
Subjectcollateral ligaments; elongation; dynamic fluoroscopy; gait; total knee arthroplasty
Organisational unit03994 - Taylor, William R. / Taylor, William R.
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