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dc.contributor.author
Glauser, Oliver
dc.contributor.supervisor
Sorkine-Hornung, Olga
dc.contributor.supervisor
Hilliges, Otmar
dc.contributor.supervisor
Wang, Robert Y.
dc.date.accessioned
2020-01-08T09:09:07Z
dc.date.available
2020-01-08T07:40:38Z
dc.date.available
2020-01-08T09:09:07Z
dc.date.issued
2019
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/388351
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000388351
dc.description.abstract
Capturing and modeling dynamic 3D shapes is a core problem in computer graphics and essential in many application areas. In this thesis, we present input devices and complementary algorithms to digitalize movement and deformation. We design our devices to be self-sensing, meaning that they rely on internal sensors only and therefore, neither require cameras nor any other external setup. This makes them very mobile and unaffected by issues typically problematic for vision-based systems such as light changes, fast motions, objects outside the field of view and above all, occlusions. In the first part, we address the problem of articulated 3D character animation. We present a modular and tangible input device with embedded Hall effect sensors - in contrast to existing hardware solutions, our design is not prone to gimbal locking. We demonstrate in a user experiment that this leads to speedup by a factor of 2. Furthermore, we introduce an algorithm that deduces small and easily controllable input devices from professional rigs and a mapping from the devices’ reduced degrees of freedom to the full ones of the unmodified rigs. We discuss a variety of animation results created with characters available online. In the second part, we introduce a method to capture dense surface deformations without requiring line of sight. To that end, we propose a soft and stretchable sensor that measures its local area stretch densely. Moreover, we contribute a fabrication pipeline for such sensors, using only tools readily available in modern fablabs. The sensor concept and fabrication are verified in a series of controlled experiments. Finally, a wearable sensor prototype paired with a data-driven prior is employed to capture moving body parts like a wrist or an elbow and objects like an inflating and deflating balloon. In the third part, we propose a glove for accurate hand pose estimation. It builds on the stretch sensor array concept introduced in the second part. The resulting glove features 44 sensors and is fully soft, stretchable and thin. We use a data-driven model that exploits the spatial layout of the sensor itself. The glove’s abilities are demonstrated in a series of ablative experiments, exploring different models and calibration methods.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
ETH Zurich
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://rightsstatements.org/page/InC-NC/1.0/
dc.title
Self-sensing Devices for Motion and Deformation Capture
en_US
dc.type
Doctoral Thesis
dc.rights.license
In Copyright - Non-Commercial Use Permitted
dc.date.published
2020-01-08
ethz.size
151 p.
en_US
ethz.code.ddc
DDC - DDC::6 - Technology, medicine and applied sciences::600 - Technology (applied sciences)
en_US
ethz.grant
Deformation and Motion Modeling using Modular, Sensor-based Input Devices
en_US
ethz.identifier.diss
26332
en_US
ethz.publication.place
Zurich
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02150 - Dep. Informatik / Dep. of Computer Science::02659 - Institut für Visual Computing / Institute for Visual Computing::03911 - Sorkine Hornung, Olga / Sorkine Hornung, Olga
en_US
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02150 - Dep. Informatik / Dep. of Computer Science::02659 - Institut für Visual Computing / Institute for Visual Computing::03911 - Sorkine Hornung, Olga / Sorkine Hornung, Olga
en_US
ethz.grant.agreementno
162958
ethz.grant.fundername
SNF
ethz.grant.funderDoi
10.13039/501100001711
ethz.grant.program
ethz.date.deposited
2020-01-08T07:40:46Z
ethz.source
FORM
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2020-01-08T09:09:20Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2020-02-15T23:09:13Z
ethz.rosetta.exportRequired
true
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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