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dc.contributor.author
Walker, Tom W.N.
dc.contributor.author
Weckwerth, Wolfram
dc.contributor.author
Bragazza, Luca
dc.contributor.author
Fragner, Lena
dc.contributor.author
Forde, Brian G.
dc.contributor.author
Ostle, Nicholas J.
dc.contributor.author
Signarbieux, Constant
dc.contributor.author
Sun, Xiaoliang
dc.contributor.author
Ward, Susan E.
dc.contributor.author
Bardgett, Richard D.
dc.date.accessioned
2020-05-14T12:00:12Z
dc.date.available
2020-01-10T14:38:50Z
dc.date.available
2020-01-13T09:41:33Z
dc.date.available
2020-01-27T15:42:06Z
dc.date.available
2020-05-14T12:00:12Z
dc.date.issued
2019-01
dc.identifier.issn
1461-023X
dc.identifier.issn
1461-0248
dc.identifier.other
10.1111/ele.13178
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/389378
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000389378
dc.description.abstract
Climate warming affects plant physiology through genetic adaptation and phenotypic plasticity, but little is known about how these mechanisms influence ecosystem processes. We used three elevation gradients and a reciprocal transplant experiment to show that temperature causes genetic change in the sedge Eriophorum vaginatum. We demonstrate that plants originating from warmer climate produce fewer secondary compounds, grow faster and accelerate carbon dioxide (CO2) release to the atmosphere. However, warmer climate also caused plasticity in E. vaginatum, inhibiting nitrogen metabolism, photosynthesis and growth and slowing CO2 release into the atmosphere. Genetic differentiation and plasticity in E. vaginatum thus had opposing effects on CO2 fluxes, suggesting that warming over many generations may buffer, or reverse, the short‐term influence of this species over carbon cycle processes. Our findings demonstrate the capacity for plant evolution to impact ecosystem processes, and reveal a further mechanism through which plants will shape ecosystem responses to climate change.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
Wiley
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject
Carbon cycle
en_US
dc.subject
Climate feedbacks
en_US
dc.subject
Climate warming
en_US
dc.subject
Eriophorum vaginatum
en_US
dc.subject
Genetic adaptation
en_US
dc.subject
Natural selection
en_US
dc.subject
Phenotypic plasticity
en_US
dc.subject
Plant ecophysiology
en_US
dc.subject
Plant metabolism
en_US
dc.title
Plastic and genetic responses of a common sedge to warming have contrasting effects on carbon cycle processes
en_US
dc.type
Journal Article
dc.rights.license
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
dc.date.published
2018-11-22
ethz.journal.title
Ecology Letters
ethz.journal.volume
22
en_US
ethz.journal.issue
1
en_US
ethz.journal.abbreviated
Ecol. lett.
ethz.pages.start
159
en_US
ethz.pages.end
169
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
publishedVersion
en_US
ethz.publication.place
Oxford
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02350 - Dep. Umweltsystemwissenschaften / Dep. of Environmental Systems Science::02720 - Institut für Integrative Biologie / Institute of Integrative Biology::09666 - Alexander, Jake / Alexander, Jake
en_US
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02350 - Dep. Umweltsystemwissenschaften / Dep. of Environmental Systems Science::02720 - Institut für Integrative Biologie / Institute of Integrative Biology::09666 - Alexander, Jake / Alexander, Jake
ethz.date.deposited
2020-01-10T14:39:05Z
ethz.source
BATCH
ethz.eth
no
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2020-01-27T15:42:16Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2020-05-14T12:02:12Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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