- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Fermi’s golden rule defines the transition rate between weakly coupled states and can thus be used to describe a multitude of molecular processes including electron-transfer reactions and light-matter interaction. However, it can only be calculated if the wave functions of all internal states are known, which is typically not the case in molecular systems. Marcus theory provides a closed-form expression for the rate constant, which is a classical limit of the golden rule, and indicates the existence of a normal regime and an inverted regime. Semiclassical instanton theory presents a more accurate approximation to the golden-rule rate including nuclear quantum effects such as tunneling, which has so far been applicable to complex anharmonic systems in the normal regime only. In this paper, we extend the instanton method to the inverted regime and study the properties of the periodic orbit, which describes the tunneling mechanism via two imaginary-time trajectories, one of which now travels in negative imaginary time. It is known that tunneling is particularly prevalent in the inverted regime, even at room temperature, and thus, this method is expected to be useful in studying a wide range of molecular transitions occurring in this regime. Show more
Journal / seriesThe Journal of Chemical Physics
Pages / Article No.
Organisational unit09602 - Richardson, Jeremy / Richardson, Jeremy
175696 - Quantum Tunnelling in Molecular Systems from First Principles (SNF)
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