Improvement of air pollution in china inferred from changes between satellite-based and measured surface solar radiation
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
The air pollution crisis in China has become a global concern due to its profound effects on the global environment and human health. To significantly improve the air quality, mandatory reductions were imposed on pollution emissions and energy consumption within the framework of the 11th and 12th Five Year Plans of China. This study takes the first step to quantify the implications of recent pollution control efforts for surface solar radiation (SSR), the primary energy source for our planet. The observed bias between satellite-retrieved and surface-observed SSR time series is proposed as a useful indicator for the radiative effects of aerosol changes. This is due to the fact that the effects of temporal variations of aerosols are neglected in satellite retrievals but well captured in surface observations of SSR. The implemented pollution control measures and actions have successfully brought back SSR by an average magnitude of 3.5 W m−2 decade−1 for the whole of China from 2008 onwards. Regionally, effective pollution regulations are indicated in the East Coast regions of South and North China, including the capital Beijing, with the SSR brightening induced by aerosol reduction of 7.5 W m−2 decade−1, 5.2 W m−2 decade−1, and 5.9 W m−2 decade−1, respectively. Seasonally, the SSR recovery in China mainly occurs in the warm seasons of spring and summer, with the magnitudes induced by the aerosol radiative effects of 5.9 W m−2 decade−1 and 4.7 W m−2 decade−1, respectively. Show more
Journal / seriesRemote Sensing
Pages / Article No.
Subjectglobal dimming and brightening; CLARA-A2; aerosol; control policy
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