Process strategy to fabricate a hierarchical porosity gradient in diatomite-based foams by 3D printing
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Motivated by the hierarchical micro and nanoscale features in terms of porosity of diatomite, the production of ceramic-graded porous foams with tailored porosity, obtained by using it as raw material, has been proposed. The main challenge during the foam-production process has been the preservation of diatomite nanometric porosity and the addition of other levels of hierarchical porosity. The coupled use of two techniques of direct foaming (chemical and mechanical), combined with the use of 3D printing inverse replica method, assured the achievement of porosity of, respectively, microscopic and macroscopic dimensions. Optical and scanning electron microscopies have been performed for an in-depth characterization of the final microstructure. XRD analysis has been carried out to check the influence of sacrificial templates on the matrix mineralogical composition. The porosity of the diatomite-based foams has been investigated by means of nitrogen-adsorption analysis and mercury-intrusion porosimetry. The experimental tests confirmed the presence of different porous architectures ranging over several orders of magnitudes, giving rise to complex systems, characterized by hierarchical levels of porosity. The presence of porosity of graded dimensions affects the final mechanical performances of the macroporous diatomite-based foams, while their mineralogical composition does not result to be affected by the addition of templates. Show more
Journal / seriesScientific Reports
Pages / Article No.
PublisherNature Publishing Group
Organisational unit03831 - Studart, André R. / Studart, André R.
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