Transgenerational impacts of herbivory and inbreeding on reproductive output in Solanum carolinense
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Premise Plant maternal effects on offspring phenotypes are well documented. However, little is known about how herbivory on maternal plants affects offspring fitness. Furthermore, while inbreeding is known to reduce plant reproductive output, previous studies have not explored whether and how such effects may extend across generations. Here, we addressed the transgenerational consequences of herbivory and maternal plant inbreeding on the reproduction of Solanum carolinense offspring. Methods Manduca sexta caterpillars were used to inflict weekly damage on inbred and outbred S. carolinense maternal plants. Cross‐pollinations were performed by hand to produce seed from herbivore‐damaged outbred plants, herbivore‐damaged inbred plants, undamaged outbred plants, and undamaged inbred plants. The resulting seeds were grown in the greenhouse to assess emergence rate and flower production in the absence of herbivores. We also grew offspring in the field to examine reproductive output under natural conditions. Results We found transgenerational effects of herbivory and maternal plant inbreeding on seedling emergence and reproductive output. Offspring of herbivore‐damaged plants had greater emergence, flowered earlier, and produced more flowers and seeds than offspring of undamaged plants. Offspring of outbred maternal plants also had greater seedling emergence and reproductive output than offspring of inbred maternal plants, even though all offspring were outbred. Moreover, the effects of maternal plant inbreeding were more severe when plant offspring were grown in field conditions. Conclusions This study demonstrates that both herbivory and inbreeding have fitness consequences that extend across generations even in outbred progeny. Show more
Journal / seriesAmerican Journal of Botany
Pages / Article No.
Subjectfitness; flower and fruit production; herbivory; horsenettle; inbreeding depression; Manduca sexta; maternal effects; seed germination; Solanaceae; transgenerational effects
Organisational unit03939 - Velicer, Gregory J. / Velicer, Gregory J.
03970 - De Moraes, Consuelo / De Moraes, Consuelo
MoreShow all metadata