Motivation across a transition: Changes in achievement goal orientations and academic well-being from elementary to secondary school
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
The aim of this study was to examine i) the prevalence of achievement goal orientation profiles among Finnish sixth- and seventh-graders (N = 419), ii) the stability and change in these profiles across the transition from elementary to lower secondary school, and iii) the profile differences in academic achievement (grades) and academic well-being (school engagement and school burnout). Using latent profile analysis, four goal orientation profiles were extracted: indifferent, success-oriented, mastery-oriented, and avoidance-oriented. Latent transition analysis confirmed that these profiles were stably identified over time. There was substantial stability in profiles: being assigned to the same group yielded the highest transition probabilities (0.63–0.75). Likely transitions were from success-oriented to indifferent and from indifferent to avoidance-oriented. Of those who transitioned, the majority moved from more to less favorable profiles. Students who stayed in the mastery-oriented group across the transition displayed the most adaptive pattern of motivation, academic achievement, and well-being. Show more
Journal / seriesLearning and Individual Differences
Pages / Article No.
SubjectAchievement goal orientation profiles; Goal stability; Early adolescence; Person-oriented approach; Latent transition analysis
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