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dc.contributor.author
Charitonidou, Marianna
dc.date.accessioned
2020-09-25T12:04:28Z
dc.date.available
2020-05-01T00:46:54Z
dc.date.available
2020-05-08T11:09:57Z
dc.date.available
2020-05-08T11:11:22Z
dc.date.available
2020-09-25T12:04:28Z
dc.date.issued
2020-04
dc.identifier.isbn
978-2-88474-989-3
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/412649
dc.description.abstract
Gottfried Semper’s approach triggered the shift from an understanding of the ornament as artefact to an experimental model. It contributed to a reorientation of the concept of ornament for both design and architecture. Pivotal for this shift was Semper’s text entitled “On the Formal Principles of Adornment and Its Meaning as a Symbol in Art” (1856), which marks, firstly, a relocation of the quest for demonstration to theorization, and, secondly, an intensification of the interaction between graphic illustration and abstract speculation. Semper’s conception of the ornaments suggests a “methodological shift from demonstration to theorization”, which is based not only on the tension between graphic illustration and abstract speculation, but also on the dialectics between vision and theory. The distinction between the notion of «ornament» and the concept of «adornment» is of great significance for understanding Semper’s approach. Semper refers to the notion of «adornment» in the aforementioned text, part of which was published in “Prolegomena” to his magnum opus Style in the Technical and Tectonic Arts: Or Practical Aesthetics. The specific term that Semper employed, in its original German version, is Schmuck. Two special characteristics of this notion, which distinguish it from the notion of decoration, are its embodied nature and its cosmological dimension. Semper believed that “[a]ll the decorative elements attending to architecture [...] owe[d] their origin to the adornment of the body and, closely connected with it, to a few techniques of the most primitive family industries”. The way he designed the adornments shows that he conceived them as extensions of the human body. For instance, his sketch of a dancing maenad after a neo-attic bas-relief is telling regarding his interest in the osmosis between the human body, the textile and the adornment. Semper conceived the notion of «oscillating movement» and the aforementioned three notions as closely connected. The human bodies inhabiting space were of great significance to him. This becomes evident not only in the way he used to sketch human figures in the architectural spaces he designed, as we can see in a sketch he made for his proposal for the Canadian section in the Crystal Palace, but also in his following words: “Determined by the individual who inhabits the room, then come jewelry, clothing and furniture, and finally we have the decoration of space in which the measurements of the ceiling, of the floor and the wall are considered”. Semper drew upon the ancient Greek word kosmos to explain his understanding of adornment, placing particular emphasis on the four meanings of this word: world, order, hierarchy, and adornment. It is worth-noting that when he moved to London, he took with him Alexander von Humboldt's book entitled Kosmos. Semper’s conception of adornment was based on his intention to understand it as a bridge between the humans and the cosmos.
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
Infolio éditions
en_US
dc.subject
Gottfried Semper
en_US
dc.subject
ornament
en_US
dc.subject
history and theory of architecture
en_US
dc.subject
Stoffwechsel
en_US
dc.title
Gottfried Semper’s Perplexity Before the Crystal Palace: Stoffwechsel as Osmosis be-tween Decorative Objects and Architecture
en_US
dc.type
Journal Article
ethz.journal.title
Faces
ethz.journal.issue
77
en_US
ethz.pages.start
63
en_US
ethz.pages.end
65
en_US
ethz.notes
Also published in French.
en_US
ethz.publication.place
Gollion
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02100 - Dep. Architektur / Dep. of Architecture::02601 - Inst. f. Geschichte u. Theorie der Arch. / Inst. History and Theory of Architecture::09643 - Avermaete, Tom / Avermaete, Tom
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02100 - Dep. Architektur / Dep. of Architecture::02655 - Netzwerk Stadt und Landschaft D-ARCH
en_US
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02100 - Dep. Architektur / Dep. of Architecture::02601 - Inst. f. Geschichte u. Theorie der Arch. / Inst. History and Theory of Architecture::09643 - Avermaete, Tom / Avermaete, Tom
en_US
ethz.relation.isNewVersionOf
10.3929/ethz-b-000389885
ethz.relation.isOriginalFormOf
20.500.11850/426626
ethz.date.deposited
2020-05-01T00:47:03Z
ethz.source
FORM
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Metadata only
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2020-09-25T12:04:40Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2021-02-15T17:33:13Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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