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dc.contributor.author
Righetti, Damiano
dc.contributor.author
Vogt, Meike
dc.contributor.author
Zimmermann, Niklaus E.
dc.contributor.author
Guiry, Michael D.
dc.contributor.author
Gruber, Nicolas
dc.date.accessioned
2020-05-14T09:04:44Z
dc.date.available
2020-05-14T02:41:19Z
dc.date.available
2020-05-14T09:04:44Z
dc.date.issued
2020
dc.identifier.issn
1866-3516
dc.identifier.issn
1866-3508
dc.identifier.other
10.5194/essd-12-907-2020
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/414680
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000414680
dc.description.abstract
Marine phytoplankton are responsible for half of the global net primary production and perform multiple other ecological functions and services of the global ocean. These photosynthetic organisms comprise more than 4300 marine species, but their biogeographic patterns and the resulting species diversity are poorly known, mostly owing to severe data limitations. Here, we compile, synthesize, and harmonize marine phytoplankton occurrence records from the two largest biological occurrence archives (Ocean Biogeographic Information System, OBIS; and Global Biodiversity Information Facility, GBIF) and three independent recent data collections. We bring together over 1.36 million phytoplankton occurrence records (1.28 million at the level of species) for a total of 1704 species, spanning the principal groups of the diatoms, dinoflagellates, and haptophytes, as well as several other groups. This data compilation increases the amount of marine phytoplankton records available through the single largest contributing archive (OBIS) by 65 %. Data span all ocean basins, latitudes, and most seasons. Analyzing the oceanic inventory of sampled phytoplankton species richness at the broadest spatial scales possible using a resampling procedure, we find that richness tends to saturate at ∼93 % of all species in our database in the pantropics, at ∼64 % in temperate waters, and at ∼35 % in the cold Northern Hemisphere, while the Southern Hemisphere remains under-explored. We provide metadata on the cruise, research institution, depth, and date for each data record, and we include phytoplankton cell counts for 193 763 records. We strongly recommend consideration of spatiotemporal biases in sampling intensity and varying taxonomic sampling scopes between research cruises or institutions when analyzing the occurrence data spatially. Including such information into predictive tools, such as statistical species distribution models, may serve to project the diversity, niches, and distribution of species in the contemporary and future ocean, opening the door for quantitative macroecological analyses of phytoplankton. PhytoBase can be downloaded from PANGAEA: https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.904397 (Righetti et al., 2019a).
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
Copernicus Publications
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title
PhytoBase: A global synthesis of open-ocean phytoplankton occurrences
en_US
dc.type
Journal Article
dc.rights.license
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
dc.date.published
2020-04-24
ethz.journal.title
Earth System Science Data
ethz.journal.volume
12
en_US
ethz.journal.issue
2
en_US
ethz.journal.abbreviated
Earth syst. sci. data
ethz.pages.start
907
en_US
ethz.pages.end
933
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
publishedVersion
en_US
ethz.identifier.wos
ethz.identifier.scopus
ethz.publication.place
Göttingen
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02350 - Dep. Umweltsystemwissenschaften / Dep. of Environmental Systems Science::02721 - Inst. f. Biogeochemie u. Schadstoffdyn. / Inst. Biogeochem. and Pollutant Dynamics::03731 - Gruber, Nicolas / Gruber, Nicolas
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02350 - Dep. Umweltsystemwissenschaften / Dep. of Environmental Systems Science::02721 - Inst. f. Biogeochemie u. Schadstoffdyn. / Inst. Biogeochem. and Pollutant Dynamics::03731 - Gruber, Nicolas / Gruber, Nicolas
ethz.relation.isNewVersionOf
10.3929/ethz-b-000392415
ethz.date.deposited
2020-05-14T02:41:26Z
ethz.source
WOS
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2020-05-14T09:05:17Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2021-02-15T11:00:40Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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