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dc.contributor.author
Garrett, Rachael D.
dc.contributor.author
Ryschawy, Julie
dc.contributor.author
Bell, Lindsay W.
dc.contributor.author
Cortner, Owen
dc.contributor.author
Ferreira, Joice
dc.contributor.author
Garik, Anna V.N.
dc.contributor.author
Gil, Juliana D.B.
dc.contributor.author
Klerkx, Laurens
dc.contributor.author
Moraine, Marc
dc.contributor.author
Peterson, Caitlin A.
dc.contributor.author
dos Reis, Júlio C.
dc.contributor.author
Valentim, Judson F.
dc.date.accessioned
2020-05-14T08:38:15Z
dc.date.available
2020-05-14T02:43:39Z
dc.date.available
2020-05-14T08:38:15Z
dc.date.issued
2020
dc.identifier.issn
1708-3087
dc.identifier.other
10.5751/ES-11412-250124
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/414693
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000414693
dc.description.abstract
Crop and livestock production have become spatially decoupled in existing commercial agricultural regimes throughout the world. These segregated high input production systems contribute to some of the world’s most pressing sustainability challenges, including climate change, nutrient imbalances, water pollution, biodiversity decline, and increasingly precarious rural livelihoods. There is substantial evidence that by closing the loop in nutrient and energy cycles, recoupling crop and livestock systems at farm and territorial scales can help reduce the environmental externalities associated with conventional commercial farming without declines in profitability or yields. Yet such “integrated” crop and livestock systems remain rare as a proportion of global agricultural area. Based on an interdisciplinary workshop and additional literature review, we provide a comprehensive historical and international perspective on why integrated crop and livestock systems have declined in most regions and what conditions have fostered their persistence and reemergence in others. We also identify levers for encouraging the reemergence of integrated crop and livestock systems worldwide. We conclude that a major disruption of the current regime would be needed to foster crop-livestock reintegration, including a redesign of research programs, credit systems, payments for ecosystem services, insurance programs, and food safety regulations to focus on whole farm outcomes and the creation of a circular economy. An expansion of the number of integrated crop and livestock systems field trials and demonstrations and efforts to brand integrated crop and livestock systems as a form of sustainable agriculture through the development of eco-labels could also improve adoption, but would likely be unsuccessful at encouraging wide-scale change without a more radical transformation of the research and policy landscape.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
Resilience Alliance Publications
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
dc.subject
innovation
en_US
dc.subject
integrated crop livestock systems
en_US
dc.subject
mixed farming systems
en_US
dc.subject
socio-technical transitions
en_US
dc.subject
sustainable agriculture
en_US
dc.subject
technology adoption
en_US
dc.title
Drivers of decoupling and recoupling of crop and livestock systems at farm and territorial scales
en_US
dc.type
Journal Article
dc.rights.license
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International
ethz.journal.title
Ecology and Society
ethz.journal.volume
25
en_US
ethz.journal.issue
1
en_US
ethz.pages.start
24
en_US
ethz.size
40 p.
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
publishedVersion
en_US
ethz.identifier.wos
ethz.publication.place
Wolfville, NS
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02045 - Dep. Geistes-, Sozial- u. Staatswiss. / Dep. of Humanities, Social and Pol.Sc.::09659 - Garrett, Rachael / Garrett, Rachael
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02045 - Dep. Geistes-, Sozial- u. Staatswiss. / Dep. of Humanities, Social and Pol.Sc.::09659 - Garrett, Rachael / Garrett, Rachael
ethz.date.deposited
2020-05-14T02:43:43Z
ethz.source
WOS
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2020-05-14T08:38:26Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2021-02-15T11:00:33Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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