A potential vorticity perspective on cyclogenesis over centre-eastern South America
- Journal Article
This study investigates the influence of upper‐level potential vorticity (PV) structures on surface cyclogenesis in central‐eastern South America using 1979–2017 ERA‐Interim reanalysis data. Surface cyclones are identified in three regions (Argentina, Uruguay and SEBrazil) and it is quantified how often PV streamers and PV cutoffs co‐occur with cyclogenesis events. There are interesting regional and seasonal differences: in Argentina PV streamers occur mainly with cyclogenesis in summer, and in Uruguay and SEBrazil in both summer and winter. In the three regions, PV streamers associated with cyclogenesis occur most frequently at 320 K, except for summer in SEBrazil, where they predominate at 340 K. PV cutoffs occur with lower frequencies than PV streamers during cyclogenesis, and they occur more often in summer than in winter in all three regions. The dynamics of cyclogenesis differs among the three regions in some important aspects. In Argentina, the environment is slightly more baroclinic in summer and genesis occurs beneath the equatorial entrance of a jet streak. In this season, the anomalous PV associated with a PV streamer is important to favour ascent in the baroclinic environment contributing to surface cyclogenesis. Similar patterns occur for cyclogenesis in summer and winter in Uruguay, and in winter in SEBrazil. In Argentina during winter, cyclogenesis is located beneath the poleward exit of a jet streak, with a weaker PV streamer upstream. In SEBrazil during summer, the jet stream is far displaced from the genesis region and cyclogenesis occurs in a more barotropic environment. Show more
Journal / seriesInternational Journal of Climatology
Pages / Article No.
SubjectCyclogenesis; Potential vorticity; PV cutoffs; PV streamers; South America
Organisational unit03854 - Wernli, Johann Heinrich / Wernli, Johann Heinrich
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