Superoleophobic and conductive carbon nanofiber/fluoropolymer composite films
- Journal Article
A solution-based, large-area coating procedure is developed to produce conductive polymer composite films consisting of hollow-core carbon nanofibers (CNFs) and a fluoroacrylic co-polymer available as a water-based dispersion. CNFs (100 nm dia., length ∼130 μm) were dispersed by sonication in a formic acid/acetone co-solvent system, which enabled colloidal stability and direct blending of the CNFs and aqueous fluoroacrylic dispersions in the absence of surfactants. The dispersions were sprayed on smooth and microtextured surfaces, thus forming conformal coatings after drying. Nanostructured composite films of different degrees of oil and water repellency were fabricated by varying the concentration of CNFs. The effect of substrate texture and CNF content on oil/water repellency was studied. Water and oil static contact angles (CAs) ranged from 98° to 164° and from 61° to 164°, respectively. Some coatings with the highest water/oil CAs displayed self-cleaning behavior (droplet roll-off angles <10°). Inherent conductivity of the composite films ranged from 63 to 940 S/m at CNF concentrations from 10 to 60 wt.%, respectively. Replacement of the long CNFs with shorter solid-core carbon nanowhiskers (150 nm dia., length 6-8 μm) produced stable fluoropolymer-nanowhisker dispersions, which were ink-jetted to generate hydrophobic, conductive, printed line patterns with a feature size ∼100 μm. (© 2011 Elsevier Ltd.) Show more
Journal / seriesCarbon
Pages / Article No.
Organisational unit09702 - Schutzius, Thomas / Schutzius, Thomas
MoreShow all metadata