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dc.contributor.author
Gath Morad, Michal
dc.contributor.author
Aguilar Melgar, Leonel
dc.contributor.author
Conroy Dalton, Ruth
dc.contributor.author
Hölscher, Christoph
dc.contributor.editor
Chronis, Angelos
dc.contributor.editor
Wurzer, Gabriel
dc.contributor.editor
Lorenz, Wolfgang E.
dc.contributor.editor
Herr, Christiane M.
dc.contributor.editor
Pont, Ulrich
dc.contributor.editor
Cupkova, Dana
dc.contributor.editor
Wainer, Gabriel
dc.date.accessioned
2020-07-06T12:36:01Z
dc.date.available
2020-07-01T09:21:16Z
dc.date.available
2020-07-06T12:36:01Z
dc.date.issued
2020-05-25
dc.identifier.isbn
978-1-56555-371-2
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/424003
dc.description.abstract
Findings from cognitive science link the architectural complexity of multilevel buildings with occupants’ difficulty in orienting and finding their way. Nevertheless, current approaches to modelling occupants’ wayfinding reduce the representation of 3D multilevel buildings to isolated 2D graphs of each floor. These graphs do not take account of the interplay between agents’ 3D field of view and buildings’ 3D geometry, topology, or semantics, yet these are necessary to inform occupants’ path differentiation during wayfinding. Instead, agents are often modeled as unbounded and rational, able to calculate complete paths towards goals that are not immediately visible using direct routing algorithms. In turn, simulated behavior in most cases is unrealistically optimal (e.g. shortest or fastest route). This gap may hinder architects’ ability to foresee how their design decisions may result in suboptimal wayfinding behavior, whether intended or not. To bridge this gap, the paper presents cogARCH, a computational, agent-based simulation framework. cogARCH is grounded in research on spatial cognition and heuristic decision making to support pre-occupancy evaluation of wayfinding in multilevel buildings. To demonstrate the relevance of cogARCH to architectural design, we apply it to assess wayfinding performance across three architectural variations of a multilevel education building. Preliminary results showcase significant variability in cognitive agents’ wayfinding performance between building scenarios. In contrast, behavior of shortest-path agents sampled across respective conditions displayed significantly less variance and thus failed to reflect potential effects of architectural changes applied to 3D building configuration on wayfinding behavior.
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
Simulation Councils
en_US
dc.subject
Pre-occupancy simulation
en_US
dc.subject
Cognitive agents
en_US
dc.subject
Wayfinding
en_US
dc.subject
BIM
en_US
dc.subject
Agent-based simulations
en_US
dc.title
cogARCH: Simulating Wayfinding by Architecture in Multilevel Buildings
en_US
dc.type
Conference Paper
ethz.book.title
2020 Proceedings of the Symposium on Simulation for Architecture and Urban Design
en_US
ethz.pages.start
27
en_US
ethz.pages.end
34
en_US
ethz.event
11th Annual Symposium on Simulation for Architecture and Urban Design (SimAUD 2020) (virtual)
en_US
ethz.event.location
Vienna, Austria
en_US
ethz.event.date
May 25-27, 2020
en_US
ethz.notes
Conference should have been held in Vienna, Austria. Due to the Corona virus (COVID-19) the conference was conducted virtually.
ethz.publication.place
San Diego, CA
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02045 - Dep. Geistes-, Sozial- u. Staatswiss. / Dep. of Humanities, Social and Pol.Sc.::02527 - Institut für Verhaltenswissenschaften / Institute of Behavioral Sciences::03987 - Hölscher, Christoph / Hölscher, Christoph
en_US
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02045 - Dep. Geistes-, Sozial- u. Staatswiss. / Dep. of Humanities, Social and Pol.Sc.::02527 - Institut für Verhaltenswissenschaften / Institute of Behavioral Sciences::03987 - Hölscher, Christoph / Hölscher, Christoph
en_US
ethz.relation.isPartOf
http://simaud.org/proceedings/
ethz.date.deposited
2020-07-01T09:21:26Z
ethz.source
FORM
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Metadata only
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2020-07-06T12:36:33Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2022-03-29T02:35:18Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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