Glulam columns made of European beech timber: compressive strength and stiffness parallel to the grain, buckling resistance and adaptation of the effective-length method according to Eurocode 5
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
This article presents experimental and numerical investigations on the buckling behaviour of glulam columns made of European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) timber and a design proposal. First, the compressive strength parallel to the grain (fc,0) and the modulus of elasticity parallel to the grain (Ec,0) were experimentally determined in tests on stocky columns (slenderness ratio λ=12.5) of strength classes GL 40h, GL 48h, and GL 55h. Subsequent experimental buckling tests on slender columns with buckling lengths of 2.40 m (λ=41.5) and 3.60 m (λ=62.3) allowed investigating the buckling behaviour and quantifying the influence of the buckling length on the buckling resistance. Applicability of the effective-length method, which is the design method for columns in Eurocode 5 (EN 1995-1-1: Design of timber structures - Part 1-1: General - Common rules and rules for buildings. European Committee for Standardization, Brussels, 2010), was evaluated and a proposal for input parameters valid for columns made of European beech glulam is made. Numerical simulations revealed buckling resistances very close to the experimental results, confirming the proposed critical relative slenderness ratio λrel,0=0.25 and the fitted straightness factor βc=0.25. In addition, the numerical simulations allowed for an extension of the scope of the investigations. Show more
Journal / seriesMaterials and Structures
Pages / Article No.
Organisational unit08809 - Frangi, Andrea (Tit.-Prof.)
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