Transcatheter aortic valve implantation and its impact on mitral valve geometry and function
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Background The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) on mitral valve geometry and function. Methods Eighty‐four patients underwent TAVI. Forty‐four (52%) patients received a balloon‐expandable valve and 40 (48%) were implanted with a self‐expandable valve. All patients underwent three‐dimensional‐volumetric transesophageal echocardiography of the mitral valve before and immediately after TAVI. A dedicated software was used for assisted semiautomatic measurement of mitral annular geometry. Results During systole, the anterior to posterior (AP) diameter was significantly reduced after the procedure (3.4 ± 0.5 cm vs 3.2 ± 0.5 cm; P < .05). The mitral annular area (10.8 ± 2.8cm2 vs 9.9 ± 2.6cm2; P < .05) as well as the tenting area (1.6 ± 0.7 cm2 vs 1.2 ± 0.6 cm2; P < .001) measured at mid‐systole were reduced after TAVI. Diastolic measures were similar. Patients treated with balloon‐expandable valves showed a significantly larger reduction in the AP diameter compared to self‐expandable valves (−0.25 cm vs −0.11 cm; P < .05). The reduction of the annular area was higher in the balloon‐expandable group (−1.2 ± 1.59 vs −0.22 ± 1.41; P < .05). Grade of mitral regurgitation did improve or remained stable after TAVI. Conclusion TAVI significantly impacts the mitral valve and mitral annular geometry and morphology. The choice of the prosthesis (balloon‐ vs self‐expandable) may be relevant for those changes. Show more
Journal / seriesJournal of Cardiac Surgery
Pages / Article No.
Subject3D echocardiography; Aortic valve replacement; Mitral annular geometry; Mitral regurgitation; Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI)
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