Electrophoretic Deposition of Nanoporous Oxide Coatings from Concentrated CuO Nanoparticle Dispersions
- Journal Article
Electrophoretic deposition (EPD) of nanoporous oxide coatings is an interesting research avenue owing to the experimental simplicity and broad scope of applications and materials. In this study, the properties of concentrated (up to 5000 mg/L), nonaqueous CuO nanoparticle (NP) dispersions were tailored to produce micrometer-thick, nanoporous CuO films by EPD. In particular, we performed a systematic investigation of the electrophoretic mobilities and size distributions of dispersed CuO aggregates and developing agglomerates in different organic solvents for concentrations ranging from 50 to 5000 mg/L with and without surfactant addition. Time-resolved dynamic light scattering analyses showed that aggregate mobilities and agglomeration rates decrease with increasing hydrocarbon chain length of the organic solvent (from ethanol to hexanol) and thus with increasing viscosity. The highest electrophoretic mobility was obtained for CuO NP aggregates and agglomerates dispersed in ethanol as a solvent. However, the addition of ≥0.5 wt % acetylacetone as a surfactant is required to stabilize these dispersions for subsequent EPD and at the same time introduce a net attractive (electrostatic) interaction between neighboring agglomerates on the substrate to promote layer formation during the EPD step. The produced micrometer-thick nanoporous CuO coatings can serve as high surface area nanostructured materials or nanoporous scaffolds in catalysis, combustion, propellants, and nanojoining. Show more
Journal / seriesLangmuir
Pages / Article No.
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
Organisational unit03934 - Kovalenko, Maksym / Kovalenko, Maksym
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