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Direct Characteristic-Function Tomography of Quantum States of the Trapped-Ion Motional Oscillator
We implement direct readout of the symmetric characteristic function of quantum states of the motional oscillation of a trapped calcium ion. Suitably chosen internal state rotations combined with internal statedependent displacements, based on bichromatic laser fields, map the expectation value of the real or imaginary part of the displacement operator to the internal states, which are subsequently read out. Combining these results provides full information about the symmetric characteristic function. We characterize the technique by applying it to a range of archetypal quantum oscillator states, including displaced and squeezed Gaussian states as well as two and three component superpositions of displaced squeezed states. For each, we discuss relevant features of the characteristic function and Wigner phasespace quasiprobability distribution. The direct reconstruction of these highly nonclassical oscillator states using a reduced number of measurements is an essential tool for understanding and optimizing the control of oscillator systems for quantum sensing and quantum information applications. Mehr anzeigen
Zeitschrift / SeriePhysical Review Letters
VerlagAMER PHYSICAL SOC