Spectral analysis of the spin-boson Hamiltonian with two bosons for arbitrary coupling and bounded dispersion relation
- Journal Article
We study the spectrum of the spin-boson Hamiltonian with two bosons for arbitrary coupling alpha >0 in the case when the dispersion relation is a bounded function. We derive an explicit description of the essential spectrum which consists of the so-called two- and three-particle branches that can be separated by a gap if the coupling is sufficiently large. It turns out, that depending on the location of the coupling constant and the energy level of the atom (w.r.t. certain constants depending on the maximal and the minimal values of the boson energy) as well as the validity or the violation of the infrared regularity type conditions, the essential spectrum is either a single finite interval or a disjoint union of at most six finite intervals. The corresponding critical values of the coupling constant are determined explicitly and the asymptotic lengths of the possible gaps are given when a approaches to the respective critical value. Under minimal smoothness and regularity conditions on the boson dispersion relation and the coupling function, we show that discrete eigenvalues can never accumulate at the edges of the two-particle branch. Moreover, we show the absence of the discrete eigenvalue accumulation at the edges of the three-particle branch in the infrared regular case. Show more
Journal / seriesReviews in Mathematical Physics
Pages / Article No.
SubjectSpin-boson Hamiltonian; Fock space; discrete spectrum; essential spectrum
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