- Journal Article
Let ω(G) and χ(G) denote the clique number and chromatic number of a graph G, respectively. The disjointness graph of a family of curves (continuous arcs in the plane) is the graph whose vertices correspond to the curves and in which two vertices are joined by an edge if and only if the corresponding curves are disjoint. A curve is called x-monotone if every vertical line intersects it in at most one point. An x-monotone curve is grounded if its left endpoint lies on the y-axis. We prove that if G is the disjointness graph of a family of grounded x-monotone curves such that ω(G)=k, then χ(G)≤(k+12). If we only require that every curve is x-monotone and intersects the y-axis, then we have χ(G)≤[Formula presented](k+23). Both of these bounds are best possible. The construction showing the tightness of the last result settles a 25 years old problem: it yields that there exist Kk-free disjointness graphs of x-monotone curves such that any proper coloring of them uses at least Ω(k4) colors. This matches the upper bound up to a constant factor. © 2020 Elsevier Inc. Show more
Journal / seriesJournal of Combinatorial Theory. Series B
Pages / Article No.
SubjectIntersection graph; Chromatic number; Curves
149111 - Problems in Extremal Combinatorics (SNF)
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