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dc.contributor.author
Brugger, Fritz
dc.contributor.author
Zanetti, Jessica
dc.date.accessioned
2020-09-02T12:58:25Z
dc.date.available
2020-08-17T13:11:38Z
dc.date.available
2020-09-02T12:58:25Z
dc.date.issued
2020-07
dc.identifier.issn
2214-790X
dc.identifier.other
10.1016/j.exis.2020.06.003
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/431745
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000431745
dc.description.abstract
Artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) has become part of the livelihood strategy for a large section of the rural population in Burkina Faso. In some areas of the country, two out of three households have at least one family member working at an artisanal or small-scale mine. Whether this leads to a de-agrarianization of the rural area or rather to a diversification of livelihood strategies is debated. Using a mixed research methods approach, we analyze the interaction between agriculture and ASGM at the household level at four mining sites in the Center-North and North Regions of Burkina Faso. We focus, in particular, on how labor and capital are allocated, and how mine workers reinvest their eventual revenues. We find that both mine characteristics and time devoted to mining influence the extent to which livelihood strategies change over time. Mineworkers who fully engage with mining and choose to pursue work at productive mines are the most likely to step up their livelihoods or discontinue agricultural activities. Others who work on less productive mines to complement their income during the dry season are more likely to stagnate or even see their situation worsen. Our findings suggest that ASGM fosters a socio-economic differentiation and the formation of an ASGM-based upper class in rural areas.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
Elsevier
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject
Artisanal and small-scale gold mining
en_US
dc.subject
ASGM
en_US
dc.subject
Livelihood strategy
en_US
dc.subject
De-agrarianization
en_US
dc.subject
Rural diversification
en_US
dc.subject
Burkina Faso
en_US
dc.title
“In my village, everyone uses the tractor”: Gold mining, agriculture and social transformation in rural Burkina Faso
en_US
dc.type
Journal Article
dc.rights.license
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
dc.date.published
2020-06-25
ethz.journal.title
The Extractive Industries and Society
ethz.journal.volume
7
en_US
ethz.journal.issue
3
en_US
ethz.pages.start
940
en_US
ethz.pages.end
953
en_US
ethz.size
14 p.
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
publishedVersion
en_US
ethz.identifier.wos
ethz.identifier.scopus
ethz.publication.place
Amsterdam
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02045 - Dep. Geistes-, Sozial- u. Staatswiss. / Dep. of Humanities, Social and Pol.Sc.::03808 - Günther, Isabel / Günther, Isabel
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02045 - Dep. Geistes-, Sozial- u. Staatswiss. / Dep. of Humanities, Social and Pol.Sc.::03808 - Günther, Isabel / Günther, Isabel
ethz.date.deposited
2020-08-17T13:11:48Z
ethz.source
FORM
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2020-09-02T12:58:38Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2021-02-15T16:54:22Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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