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Adduct Fluorescence as a Tool to Decipher Sequence Impact on Frameshift Mutations Mediated by a C-Linked C8-Biphenyl-Guanine Lesion
- Journal Article
Aromatic chemicals can undergo metabolic activation to afford electrophilic species that react at the C8-site of 2'-deoxyguanosine (dG) to generate bulky C8-dG adducts as a basis of initiating carcinogenesis. These DNA lesions have served as models to understand the mechanism of frameshift mutagenesis, especially within CG-dinucleotide repeat sequences, such as Nan (5'-GGCXCC-3', where X = C8-dG adduct), however there is still limited capacity to predict the likelihood of mutation arising within particular contexts, and hence chemistry-based strategies are needed for probing relationships between nucleic acid sequence and structure with replication errors. In the Nan sequence, certain C8-dG adducts may trigger in the course of DNA synthesis the formation of a slipped mutagenic intermediate (SMI) that contains a two nucleotide (XC) bulge in the template strand that can form upstream of the polymerase active site. This distortion facilitates polymerization but affords a GC dinucleotide deletion product (-2 frameshift mutation). In the current study, incorporating the fluorescent C-linked 4-fluorobiphenyl-dG (FBP-dG) adduct into two 22-mer templates containing CG-dinucleotide repeats (NarI: 3'-CXCGGC-S5 and CG(3): 3'-CXCGCG-5', X = FBP-dG) and performing primer extension reactions using DNA polymerase I, Klenow fragment exo(-) (Kf(-)) revealed a dramatic sequence-based difference in polymerase bypass efficiency. Primer extension past FBP-dG within the NarI sequence was strongly blocked, whereas Kf(-) extended the primer past FBP-dG within a CG3 template to afford a full-length product and the GC dinucleotide deletion. To model the nucleotide insertion steps in the fully paired (FP) versus the slipped mutagenic (SM) translesion pathways, adducted template:primer duplexes were constructed and characterized by UV thermal denaturation and fluorescence spectroscopy. The emission intensity of the FBP-dG lesion exhibits sensitivity to SMI formation (turn-on) versus a FP duplex (turn-off), permitting insight into adduct base-pairing within the template:primer duplexes. This fluorescence sensitivity provides a rationale for sequence impact on -2 frameshift mutations mediated by the C-linked FBP-dG lesion. Show more
Journal / seriesChemical Research in Toxicology
Pages / Article No.
PublisherAMER CHEMICAL SOC
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