Functional Nanoassemblies of Cyclic Polymers Show Amplified Responsiveness and Enhanced Protein-Binding Ability
- Journal Article
The physicochemical properties of cyclic polymer adsorbates are significantly influenced by the steric and conformational constraints introduced during their cyclization. These translate into a marked difference in interfacial properties between cyclic polymers and their linear counterparts when they are grafted onto surfaces yielding nanoassemblies or polymer brushes. This difference is particularly clear in the case of cyclic polymer brushes that are designed to chemically interact with the surrounding environment, for instance, by associating with biological components present in the medium, or, alternatively, through a response to a chemical stimulus by a significant change in their properties. The intrinsic architecture characterizing cyclic poly(2-oxazoline)-based polyacid brushes leads to a broad variation in swelling and nanomechanical properties in response to pH change, in comparison with their linear analogues of identical composition and molecular weight. In addition, cyclic glycopolymer brushes derived from polyacids reveal an enhanced exposure of galactose units at the surface, due to their expanded topology, and thus display an increased lectin-binding ability with respect to their linear counterparts. This combination of amplified responsiveness and augmented protein-binding capacity renders cyclic brushes invaluable building blocks for the design of "smart" materials and functional biointerfaces. Show more
Journal / seriesACS Nano
Pages / Article No.
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
Subjectpolymer topology; cyclic polymers; polymer brushes; nanofilms; atomic force microscopy
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