Incorporation of recycled concrete aggregate (RCA) fractions in semi-dense asphalt (SDA) pavements: Volumetrics, durability and mechanical properties
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Recycled Concrete Aggregates (RCA) form a significant part of construction and demolition waste and its recycling is crucial for long-term construction sustainability. This study examined the incorporation of various fractions of RCA in Semi-Dense Asphalt (SDA) mixtures. The control SDA aggregates were replaced by RCA in selected fractions of 2/4 mm (coarse) and 0.125/2 mm (sand) at 100% and 50% each, and the filler at 100% of the fraction. The replacement was performed by mass with only one fraction being replaced for any single mixture. The mixtures were evaluated by their volumetrics, indirect tensile strength (ITS), water sensitivity (EN 12697-12), fracture energy and rutting resistance (EN 12697-22), in order to assess the effects of each RCA fraction on the mixture properties. The results showed that RCA coarse aggregates absorb significant amounts of binder and require more energy for compaction, which is not the case for the RCA sand or filler. The ITS results showed increased peak load for the RCA replacement samples but also increased brittleness in terms of resistance to crack initiation and propagation. RCA sand incorporation decreased the fracture energy at a higher rate than the coarse per total amount replaced. The ITSR% was similar to the control for lower amounts of RCA replacement, but significantly lower with higher replacement. The rutting resistance improved with RCA sand and especially coarse aggregate replacement. The study shows some limitations for use of RCA in asphalt mixtures, but also the potential for using them when the replacement rate is limited and replacement by volume is recommended. The RCA filler performance was very similar to the virgin filler, which makes its use in asphalt mixtures especially promising. Show more
Journal / seriesConstruction and Building Materials
Pages / Article No.
SubjectRecycled Concrete Aggregates (RCA); Semi-Dense Asphalt (SDA); Indirect Tensile Strength; Water Sensitivity; Fracture Energy; Rutting; Mix Design
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