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Simplified analysis of bilinear elastic systems exhibiting negative stiffness behavior
- Journal Article
This work studies the dynamics of the Negative Stiffness Bilinear Elastic (NSBE) oscillator. Such a mathematical idealization can be used to describe deformable rocking systems equipped with restraining tendons or with curved extensions of their bases. First, this paper establishes the characteristic quantities of the bilinear system to make it equivalent to the actual rocking structures. Then, it proceeds by proposing a simpler “equivalent” system that can be used to study the behavior of the NSBE. The equivalent system is not some linear elastic oscillator but a bilinear elastic system with zero stiffness of the second branch: the Zero Stiffness Bilinear Elastic (ZSBE) system. ZSBE is useful because it needs one parameter less than NSBE to be defined. Next, “Equal Displacement” and “Equal Energy” rules that provide estimates of the maximum displacement of the NSBE based on the response of the ZSBE are defined. The concept is similar to the RμΤ relations that provide estimates of the response of bilinear yielding systems based on the response of an equivalent linear elastic system, with one major difference: it does not resort to a linear elastic system but to the ZSBE. The proposed methodology is applied on the FEMA P695 ground motions scaled at three different levels. The results show that ZSBE is a good proxy of NSBE and, hence, indicate that an exhaustive study of the ZSBE is useful for the design of rocking structures. © 2020 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Show more
Journal / seriesEarthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics
SubjectBilinear systems; Negative stiffness; Nonlinear dynamics; Rocking; Rocking bridges; Rocking spectra
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