Toward Controlling Filament Size and Location for Resistive Switches via Nanoparticle Exsolution at Oxide Interfaces
- Journal Article
Memristive devices are among the most prominent candidates for future computer memory storage and neuromorphic computing. Though promising, the major hurdle for their industrial fabrication is their device-to-device and cycle-to-cycle variability. These occur due to the random nature of nanoionic conductive filaments, whose rupture and formation govern device operation. Changes in filament location, shape, and chemical composition cause cycle-to-cycle variability. This challenge is tackled by spatially confining conductive filaments with Ni nanoparticles. Ni nanoparticles are integrated on the bottom La(0.2)Sr(0.7)Ti(0.9)Ni(0.1)O(3-)(delta)electrode by an exsolution method, in which, at high temperatures under reducing conditions, Ni cations migrate to the perovskite surface, generating metallic nanoparticles. This fabrication method offers fine control over particle size and density and ensures strong particle anchorage in the bottom electrode, preventing movement and agglomeration. In devices based on amorphous SrTiO3, it is demonstrated that as the exsolved Ni nanoparticle diameter increases up to approximate to 50 nm, the ratio between the ON and OFF resistance states increases from single units to 180 and the variability of the low resistance state reaches values below 5%. Exsolution is applied for the first time to engineer solid-solid interfaces extending its realm of application to electronic devices. Show more
Journal / seriesSmall
Pages / Article No.
Subjectexsolution; filament confinement; memristors; resistive switching; strontium titanate
155986 - Beyond von-Neuman computing – Materials Functionalization and Integration of Three-dimensionally stacked Multiterminal Memristive Oxides Replacing Existing Transistors for Neuromorphic Computing (SNF)
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