Nonlinear Model Predictive Control of Robotic Systems with Control Lyapunov Functions
- Conference Paper
The theoretical unification of Nonlinear Model Predictive Control (NMPC) with Control Lyapunov Functions (CLFs) provides a framework for achieving optimal control performance while ensuring stability guarantees. In this paper we present the first real-time realization of a unified NMPC and CLF controller on a robotic system with limited computational resources. These limitations motivate a set of approaches for efficiently incorporating CLF stability constraints into a general NMPC formulation. We evaluate the performance of the proposed methods compared to baseline CLF and NMPC controllers with a robotic Segway platform both in simulation and on hardware. The addition of a prediction horizon provides a performance advantage over CLF based controllers, which operate optimally point-wise in time. Moreover, the explicitly imposed stability constraints remove the need for difficult cost function and parameter tuning required by NMPC. Therefore the unified controller improves the performance of each isolated controller and simplifies the overall design process. Show more
Book titleProceedings of Robotics: Science and Systems XVI
PublisherRobotics: Science and Systems Foundation
Organisational unit09570 - Hutter, Marco / Hutter, Marco
NotesDue to the Coronavirus (COVID-19) the conference was conducted virtually.
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