Femtosecond dual-comb Yb:CaF2 laser from a single free-running polarization-multiplexed cavity for optical sampling applications
- Journal Article
Dual optical frequency combs are an appealing solution to many optical measurement techniques due to their high spectral and temporal resolution, high scanning speed, and lack of moving parts. However, industrial and field-deployable applications of such systems are limited due to a high-cost factor and intricacy in the experimental setups, which typically require a pair of locked femtosecond lasers. Here, we demonstrate a single oscillator which produces two mode-locked output beams with a stable repetition rate difference. We achieve this via inserting two 45°-cut birefringent crystals into the laser cavity, which introduces a repetition rate difference between the two polarization states of the cavity. To mode-lock both combs simultaneously, we use a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SESAM). We achieve two simultaneously operating combs at 1050 nm with 175-fs duration, 3.2-nJ pulses and an average power of 440 mW in each beam. The average repetition rate is 137 MHz, and we set the repetition rate difference to 1 kHz. This laser system, which is the first SESAM mode-locked femtosecond solid-state dual-comb source based on birefringent multiplexing, paves the way for portable and high-power femtosecond dual-combs with flexible repetition rate. To demonstrate the utility of the laser for applications, we perform asynchronous optical sampling (ASOPS) on semiconductor thin-film structures with the free-running laser system, revealing temporal dynamics from femtosecond to nanosecond time scales. © 2020 Optical Society of America. Show more
Journal / seriesOptics Express
Pages / Article No.
PublisherOptical Society of America
180933 - Dual-comb spectroscopy based on dual-comb-modelocked diode-pumped solid-state lasers (SNF)
MoreShow all metadata