- Journal Article
The control of emergent magnetic monopoles for the generation of monopole currents in artificial spin ice is essential for their use in nanomagnet-based device applications. Here we present a scheme to inject monopole currents into an artificial square ice at specific locations, which provides a means to control the propagation of the generated emergent monopole currents. Specifically, we modify an artificial square ice by populating two of its edges with different vertex configurations consisting of two, three, and four nanomagnets meeting at a common point. After setting an initial state with a global magnetic field, injection of monopoles occurs at one of the edges where the vertices have higher switching probability. We experimentally observe this vertex-specific nucleation of emergent magnetic monopoles using x-ray photoemission electron microscopy. Additionally, we demonstrate that a lateral shift in the reversal of the magnets, leading to the formation of large domains, is consistent with theoretical simulations incorporating higher-order contributions in the magnetic Hamiltonian. Finally, we find a strong correlation between the location of emergent monopole injection and the film thickness, which is a result of the switching probability associated with the different vertex configurations. Show more
Journal / seriesPhysical Review B
Pages / Article No.
PublisherAmerican Physical Society
Organisational unit03997 - Heyderman, Laura / Heyderman, Laura
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