Effects of the Turbine™ on Ventilatory and Sensory Responses to Incremental Cycling
- Journal Article
Introduction The Turbine™ is a nasal dilator marketed to athletes to increase airflow, which may serve to reduce dyspnea and improve exercise performance, presumably via reductions in the work of breathing (WOB). However, the unpublished data supporting these claims were collected in individuals at rest that were exclusively nasal breathing. These data are not indicative of how the device influences breathing during exercise at higher ventilations when a larger proportion of breathing is through the mouth. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to empirically test the efficacy of the Turbine™ during exercise. We hypothesized that the Turbine™ would modestly reduce the WOB at rest and very low exercise intensities but would have no effect on the WOB at moderate to high exercise intensities. Methods We conducted a randomized crossover study in young, healthy individuals (7M:1F; age = 27 ± 5 yr) with normal lung function. Each participant performed two incremental cycle exercise tests to exhaustion with the Turbine™ device or under a sham control condition. For the sham control condition, participants were told they were breathing a low-density gas to reduce the WOB, but they were actually breathing room air. The WOB was determined through the integration of ensemble averaged esophageal pressure–volume loops. Standard cardiorespiratory measures were recorded using a commercially available metabolic cart. Dyspnea was assessed throughout exercise using the 0–10 Borg scale. Results Peak V˙O2 and work rate were not different between conditions (P = 0.70 and P = 0.35, respectively). In addition, there was no interaction or main effect of condition on dyspnea, ventilation, or WOB throughout the exercise (all P > 0.05). Conclusion These findings suggest that the Turbine™ does not reduce the WOB and has no effect on dyspnea or exercise capacity. Show more
Journal / seriesMedicine & Science in Sports & Exercise
Pages / Article No.
PublisherLippincott Williams & Wilkins
Organisational unit08691 - Spengler, Christina (Tit.-Prof.)
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