Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author
Jutzi, Chiara A.
dc.contributor.author
Willardt, Robin
dc.contributor.author
Schmid, Petra
dc.contributor.author
Jonas, Eva
dc.date.accessioned
2020-10-26T10:38:10Z
dc.date.available
2020-10-24T06:50:22Z
dc.date.available
2020-10-26T10:38:10Z
dc.date.issued
2020
dc.identifier.issn
1664-1078
dc.identifier.other
10.3389/fpsyg.2020.578586
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/447655
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000447655
dc.description.abstract
The current situation around coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) portrays a threat to us in several ways: It imposes uncertainty and a lack of control and reminds us of our own mortality. People around the world have reacted to these threats in seemingly unrelated ways: From stockpiling yeast and toilet paper to favoring nationalist ideas or endorsing conspiratorial beliefs. According to the General Process Model of Threat and Defense, the confrontation with a threat – a discrepant experience – makes humans react with both proximal and distal threat responses. While the proximal response manifests in behavioral inhibition that leads to heightened anxious arousal and vigilance, distal responses seek to lower behavioral inhibition and the associated state of anxiety and vigilance through engaging in distal defenses. In the present research, we propose that the reactions to COVID-19 may represent distal defense strategies to the pandemic and, therefore, can be explained and forecasted by the model. Thus, we hypothesized increased perceived COVID-19 threat to lead to a proximal threat response in the form of heightened behavioral inhibition. This, in return, should enhance the use of distal defenses (i.e., several ingroup biases, system justification, and conspiratorial beliefs) overlapping with the reactions observed as a response to COVID-19. This hypothesized mediated effect of increased perceived COVID-19 threat on distal defenses was tested in two preregistered studies: In Study 1 (N = 358), results showed perceived COVID-19 threat to be related to behavioral inhibition and, in turn, to be associated with increased distal defenses (i.e., higher entitativity, control restoration motivation, passive party support). In Study 2 (N = 348), we manipulated COVID-19 threat salience and found results suggesting the distal defenses of ingroup entitativity, system justification, and conspiratorial beliefs to be mediated by the proximal threat response. The results of the present research hint toward a common mechanism through which the seemingly unrelated reactions to COVID-19 can be explained. The results might help to predict future behavior during the COVID-19 pandemic and to design measures to counteract the detrimental effects of the pandemic.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
Frontiers Research Foundation
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject
COVID-19
en_US
dc.subject
Threat
en_US
dc.subject
Defense strategies
en_US
dc.subject
Conspiracy
en_US
dc.subject
System justification
en_US
dc.subject
Worldview defense
en_US
dc.subject
BIS
en_US
dc.subject
BAS
en_US
dc.title
Between Conspiracy Beliefs, Ingroup Bias, and System Justification: How People Use Defense Strategies to Cope With the Threat of COVID-19
en_US
dc.type
Journal Article
dc.rights.license
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
dc.date.published
2020-09-30
ethz.journal.title
Frontiers in Psychology
ethz.journal.volume
11
en_US
ethz.journal.abbreviated
Front Psychol
ethz.pages.start
578586
en_US
ethz.size
16 p.
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
publishedVersion
en_US
ethz.identifier.wos
ethz.identifier.scopus
ethz.publication.place
Lausanne
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.date.deposited
2020-10-24T06:50:37Z
ethz.source
SCOPUS
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2020-10-26T10:38:23Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2022-03-29T03:49:23Z
ethz.rosetta.exportRequired
true
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journal&rft.atitle=Between%20Conspiracy%20Beliefs,%20Ingroup%20Bias,%20and%20System%20Justification:%20How%20People%20Use%20Defense%20Strategies%20to%20Cope%20With%20the%20Threat%20of%20CO&rft.jtitle=Frontiers%20in%20Psychology&rft.date=2020&rft.volume=11&rft.spage=578586&rft.issn=1664-1078&rft.au=Jutzi,%20Chiara%20A.&Willardt,%20Robin&Schmid,%20Petra&Jonas,%20Eva&rft.genre=article&rft_id=info:doi/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.578586&
 Search print copy at ETH Library

Files in this item

Thumbnail

Publication type

Show simple item record