- Journal Article
The impact of organic carbon (OC) on the light absorption of soot is determined by discrete element modeling coupled with the discrete dipole approximation for computing the scattering of radiation by soot particles. The mass absorption cross-section (MAC) of soot is used widely to determine its light absorption. Typically MAC is obtained from the mass average refractive index of OC and elemental carbon (EC) with large C/H that make up mature soot. As such, MAC can be overestimated by a factor of 3 in fuel-rich flames where newly-formed young soot contains EC with small C/H and OC that predominantly scatters light reducing its absorption by soot. Here a relation for the soot refractive index is derived accounting for soot morphology, maturity and OC content through its band gap at wavelength, λ = 266–1064 nm. Using this relation, the MAC of soot containing OC (up to 50 wt%) is in excellent agreement with carbon black, graphene and soot data. This confirms that soot morphology, maturity and OC content greatly influence light absorption during characterization of in-flame and freshly-emitted soot by laser induced incandescence and light extinction, especially in fuel-rich flames, and need to be properly accounted for in the soot refractive index. Show more
Journal / seriesCarbon
Pages / Article No.
SubjectOrganic carbon; Elemental carbon; Carbon black; Soot maturity; Refractive index; Mass absorption cross section
Organisational unit03510 - Pratsinis, Sotiris E. / Pratsinis, Sotiris E.
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