- Journal Article
SYNCRIP, a member of the cellular heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein (hnRNP) family of RNA binding proteins, regulates various aspects of neuronal development and plasticity. Although SYNCRIP has been identified as a component of cytoplasmic RNA granules in dendrites of mammalian neurons, only little is known about the specific SYNCRIP target mRNAs that mediate its effect on neuronal morphogenesis and function. Here, we present a comprehensive characterization of the cytoplasmic SYNCRIP mRNA interactome using iCLIP in primary rat cortical neurons. We identify hundreds of bona fide SYNCRIP target mRNAs, many of which encode for proteins involved in neurogenesis, neuronal migration and neurite outgrowth. From our analysis, the stabilization of mRNAs encoding for components of the microtubule network, such as doublecortin (Dcx), emerges as a novel mechanism of SYNCRIP function in addition to the previously reported control of actin dynamics. Furthermore, we found that SYNCRIP synergizes with pro-neural miRNAs, such as miR-9. Thus, SYNCRIP appears to promote early neuronal differentiation by a two-tier mechanism involving the stabilization of pro-neural mRNAs by direct 3ʹUTR interaction and the repression of anti-neural mRNAs in a complex with neuronal miRISC. Together, our findings provide a rationale for future studies investigating the function of SYNCRIP in mammalian brain development and disease. Show more
Journal / seriesRNA Biology
Pages / Article No.
PublisherTaylor & Francis
SubjectSYNCRIP; microRNA; CLIP; neurogenesis; RNA metabolism
Organisational unit09498 - Schratt, Gerhard / Schratt, Gerhard
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