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dc.contributor.author
Charitonidou, Marianna
dc.contributor.editor
Correia, Nuno
dc.contributor.editor
Maia, Maria Helena
dc.contributor.editor
Figueiredo, Rute
dc.date.accessioned
2020-11-13T06:21:16Z
dc.date.available
2020-11-13T01:41:05Z
dc.date.available
2020-11-13T06:21:16Z
dc.date.issued
2019-04-11
dc.identifier.isbn
978-972-8784-85-0
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/451108
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000451108
dc.description.abstract
In 1957, Ernesto Nathan Rogers, in “Continuità o Crisi?”, published in Casabella Continuità, considered history as a process, highlighting that history can be understood as being either in a condition of continuity or in a condition of crisis “accordingly as one wishes to emphasize either permanence or emergency”. A year earlier, Le Corbusier in a diagram he sent to the tenth CIAM at Dubrovnik, he called attention to a turning point within the circle of the CIAM, maintaining that after 1956 its dominant approach had been characterised by a reorientation of the interest towards what he called “action towards humanisation”. The paper examines whether this humanising process is part of a crisis or an evolution, on the one hand, and compares the directions that were taken regarding architecture’s humanisation project within a transnational network, on the other hand. An important instance regarding this reorientation of architecture’s epistemology was the First International Conference on Proportion in the Arts at the IX Triennale di Milano in 1951, where Le Corbusier presented his Modulor and Sigfried Giedion, Matila Ghyka, Pier Luigi Nervi, Andreas Speiser and Bruno Zevi intervened among others. The debates that took place during this conference epitomise the attraction of architecture’s dominant discourse to humanisation ideals. In a different context, the Doorn manifesto (1954), signed by the architects Peter Smithson, John Voelcker, Jaap Bakema, Aldo van Eyck and Daniel van Ginkel and the economist Hans Hovens-Greve and embraced by the younger generation, is interpreted as a climax of this generalised tendency to “humanise” architectural discourse and to overcome the rejection of the rigidness of the modernist ideals. This paper presents how the debates regarding the Doorn manifesto evolved in the pages of the following journals: The Architectural Review, Architectural Design, Casabella Continuità, Arquitectura, L’Architecture d’aujourd’hui and Forum. An aspect that is closely investigated is that of which epistemological tools coming from other disciplines - philosophy, sociology, anthropology and so on - are more dominant in each of these architectural journals. The fact that each of these journals is closely connected to a specific national context - U.K., Italy, Portugal, France and Holland respectively - offers the opportunity to discern to what disciplines architecture was attracted within these different contexts during its effort to “humanise” its discourse and conceptual tools.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
Centro de Estudos Arnaldo Araújo, Escola Superior Artística do Porto; Histoire et Critique des Arts Université Rennes 2
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://rightsstatements.org/page/InC-NC/1.0/
dc.subject
history and theory of architecture and urban planning
en_US
dc.subject
humanisation
en_US
dc.subject
Le Corbusier
en_US
dc.subject
Sigfried Giedion
en_US
dc.subject
Jaap Bakema
en_US
dc.subject
Bruno Zevi
en_US
dc.subject
Modulor
en_US
dc.subject
Casabella Continuità
en_US
dc.subject
Associazione per l'architettura organica
en_US
dc.subject
CIAM Congresses
en_US
dc.subject
Team 10
en_US
dc.title
An action towards humanization: Doorn manifesto in a transnational perspective
en_US
dc.type
Conference Paper
dc.rights.license
In Copyright - Non-Commercial Use Permitted
ethz.book.title
Revisiting the post-CIAM generation debates, proposals and intellectual framework. Proceedings
en_US
ethz.pages.start
68
en_US
ethz.pages.end
86
en_US
ethz.size
19 p.
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
publishedVersion
en_US
ethz.event
Revisiting the post-CIAM generation: debates, proposals and intellectual framework
en_US
ethz.event.location
Porto, Portugal
en_US
ethz.event.date
April 11-13, 2019
en_US
ethz.publication.place
Porto; Nantes
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02100 - Dep. Architektur / Dep. of Architecture::02601 - Inst. f. Geschichte u. Theorie der Arch. / Inst. History and Theory of Architecture::09643 - Avermaete, Tom / Avermaete, Tom
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02100 - Dep. Architektur / Dep. of Architecture::02655 - Netzwerk Stadt und Landschaft D-ARCH
*
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02100 - Dep. Architektur / Dep. of Architecture::02601 - Inst. f. Geschichte u. Theorie der Arch. / Inst. History and Theory of Architecture::09643 - Avermaete, Tom / Avermaete, Tom
en_US
ethz.date.deposited
2020-11-13T01:41:27Z
ethz.source
FORM
ethz.eth
no
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2020-11-13T06:21:30Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2021-02-15T20:43:46Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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