- Review Article
Decarbonizing the chemical industry will eventually entail using CO2 as a feedstock for chemical synthesis. However, many chemical syntheses involve CO2 reduction using inputs such as renewable hydrogen. In this review, chemical processes are discussed that use CO2 as an oxidant for upgrading hydrocarbon feedstocks. The captured CO2 is inherently reduced by the hydrocarbon co‐reactants without consuming molecular hydrogen or renewable electricity. This CO2 utilization approach can be potentially applied to synthesize eight emission‐intensive molecules, including olefins and epoxides. Catalytic systems and reactor concepts are discussed that can overcome practical challenges, such as thermodynamic limitations, over‐oxidation, coking, and heat management. Under the best‐case scenario, these hydrogen‐free CO2 reduction processes have a combined CO2 abatement potential of approximately 1 gigatons per year and avoid the consumption of 1.24 PWh renewable electricity, based on current market demand and supply. © 2020 Wiley‐VCH GmbH. Show more
Journal / seriesChemSusChem
Pages / Article No.
SubjectCarbon capture and utilization; C-C coupling; Dry reforming; Heterogeneous catalysis; Oxidative dehydrogenation
Organisational unit03871 - Pérez-Ramírez, Javier / Pérez-Ramírez, Javier
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