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Exosomes for Wound Healing: Purification Optimization and Identification of Bioactive Components
- Journal Article
Human mesenchymal stem cell exosomes have been shown to promote cutaneous wound healing. Their bioactivity is most often attributed to their protein and nucleic acid components, while the function of exosomal lipids remains comparatively unexplored. This work specifically assesses the involvement of lipids and the transmembrane enzyme CD73 in the exosomes’ biological activity in stimulating the cutaneous wound healing process. Since exosome preparation processes are not harmonized yet, certain production and purification parameters are first systematically investigated, enabling the optimization of a standardized protocol delivering high exosome integrity, yield, and purity. An in situ enzymatic assay is introduced to specifically assess the vesicle functionality, and quantitative proteomics is employed to establish the cell culture conditions yielding a stable exosome protein profile. Using a combination of in vitro approaches, CD73 and constitutional lipids of HPV‐16 E6/E7 transformed human bone marrow stromal cell‐derived exosomes are identified as key bioactive components promoting the exosome‐driven acceleration of processes required for wound repair. A pilot wound healing study in mice indeed suggests a role of lipids in the exosomes’ biological activity. Strikingly, the extent of the bioactivity of these exosomal components is found to be dependent on the target cell type. Show more
Journal / seriesAdvanced Science
Pages / Article No.
SubjectCD73; Exosomes; Human bone marrow stromal cell line; Lipids; Wound healing
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