Biomechanics of Ankle Ligament Reconstruction: A Cadaveric Study to Compare Stability of Reconstruction Techniques Using 1 or 2 Fibular Tunnels
- Journal Article
Background: Anatomic lateral ankle ligament reconstruction has been proposed for patients with chronic ankle instability. A reliable approach is a reconstruction technique using an allograft and 2 fibular tunnels. A recently introduced approach that entails 1-fibular tunnel reconstruction might reduce the risk of intraoperative complications and ultimately improve patient outcome. Hypothesis: We hypothesized that both reconstruction techniques show similar ankle stability (joint laxity and stiffness) and are similar to the intact joint condition. Study Design: Controlled laboratory study. Methods: A total of 10 Thiel-conserved cadaveric ankles were divided into 2 groups and tested in 3 stages-intact, transected, and reconstructed lateral ankle ligaments-using either the 1- or the 2-fibular tunnel technique. To quantify stability in each stage, anterior drawer and talar tilt tests were performed in 0 degrees, 10 degrees, and 20 degrees of plantarflexion (anterior drawer test) or dorsiflexion (talar tilt test). Bone displacements were measured using motion capture, from which laxity and stiffness were calculated together with applied forces. Finally, reconstructed ligaments were tested to failure in neutral position with a maximal applicable torque in inversion. A mixed linear model was used to describe and compare the outcomes. Results: When ankle stability of intact and reconstructed ligaments was compared, no significant difference was found between reconstruction techniques for any flexion angle. Also, no significant difference was found when the maximal applicable torque of the 1-tunnel technique (9.1 +/- 4.4 N center dot m) was compared with the 2-tunnel technique (8.9 +/- 4.8 N center dot m). Conclusion: Lateral ankle ligament reconstruction with an allograft using 1 fibular tunnel demonstrated similar biomechanical stability to the 2-tunnel approach. Show more
Journal / seriesOrthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Pages / Article No.
Subjectchronic ankle instability; anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL); calcaneofibular ligament (CFL); anatomic lateral ankle reconstruction; biomechanical investigation; ankle stability
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