Evaluation of Actinium-225 Labeled Minigastrin Analogue [225Ac]Ac-DOTA-PP-F11N for Targeted Alpha Particle Therapy
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
The overexpression of cholecystokinin B receptor (CCKBR) in human cancers led to the development of radiolabeled minigastrin analogues for targeted radionuclide therapy, which aims to deliver cytotoxic radiation specifically to cancer cells. Alpha emitters (e.g., actinium-225) possess high potency in cancer cell-killing and hold promise for the treatment of malignant tumors. In these preclinical studies, we developed and evaluated CCKBR-targeted alpha particle therapy. The cellular uptake and cytotoxic effect of actinium-225 labeled and HPLC-purified minigastrin analogue [225Ac]Ac-PP-F11N were characterized in the human squamous cancer A431 cells transfected with CCKBR. Nude mice bearing A431/CCKBR tumors were used for biodistribution and therapy studies followed by histological analysis and SPECT/CT imaging. In vitro, [225Ac]Ac-PP-F11N showed CCKBR-specific and efficient internalization rate and potent cytotoxicity. The biodistribution studies of [225Ac]Ac-PP-F11N revealed CCKBR-specific uptake in tumors, whereas the therapeutic studies demonstrated dose-dependent inhibition of tumor growth and extended mean survival time, without apparent toxicity. The histological analysis of kidney and stomach indicated no severe adverse effects after [225Ac]Ac-PP-F11N administration. The post-therapy SPECT-CT images with [111In]In-PP-F11N confirmed no CCKBR-positive tumor left in the mice with complete remission. In conclusion, our study demonstrates therapeutic efficacy of [225Ac]Ac-PP-F11N without acute radiotoxicity in CCKBR-positive cancer model. Show more
Journal / seriesPharmaceutics
Pages / Article No.
SubjectActinium-225; Cholecystokinin B receptor (CCKBR); Minigastrin analogue PP-F11N; Targeted alpha particle therapy (TAT)
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