- Journal Article
The Dicke model, which describes the coupling of an ensemble of spins to a harmonic oscillator, is known for its superradiant phase transition, which can both be observed in the ground state in a purely Hamiltonian setting, as well as in the steady state of an open-system Dicke model with dissipation. We demonstrate that, in addition, the dissipative Dicke model can undergo a second phase transition to a nonstationary phase, characterized by unlimited heating of the harmonic oscillator. Identifying the mechanism of the phase transition and deriving the scaling of the critical coupling with the system size we conclude that the novel phase transition can be understood as a cooperative breakdown of the oscillator blockade which otherwise prevents higher excitation of the system. We discuss an implementation with trapped ions and investigate the role of cooling, by which the breakdown can be suppressed. © 2020 American Physical Society Show more
Journal / seriesPhysical Review Letters
Pages / Article No.
PublisherAmerican Physical Society
Organisational unit03892 - Home, Jonathan / Home, Jonathan
186040 - Dissipation Engineering of Fault-Tolerant Quantum Computation and Phases for Quantum Metrology (SNF)
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