- Journal Article
Semiclassical instanton theory is a form of quantum transition-state theory which can be applied to the computation of thermal reaction rates in complex molecular systems including quantum tunneling eﬀects. There have been a number of attempts to extend the theory to treat microcanonical rates. However, the previous formulations are either computationally unfeasible for large systems due to an explicit sum over states or they involve extra approximations, which make them less reliable. We propose a robust and practical microcanonical formulation called density-of-states instanton theory, which avoids the sum over states altogether. In line with the semiclassical approximations inherent to the instanton approach, we employ the stationary-phase approximation to the inverse Laplace transform to obtain the densities of states. This can be evaluated using only post-processing of the data available from a small set of instanton calculations, such that our approach remains computationally eﬃcient. We show that the new formulation predicts results that agree well with quantum scattering theory for an atom−diatom reaction and with experiments for a photoexcited unimolecular hydrogen transfer in a Criegee intermediate. When the thermal rate is evaluated from a Boltzmann average over our new microcanonical formalism, it can overcome some problems of conventional instanton theory. In particular, it predicts a smooth transition at the crossover temperature and is able to describe bimolecular reactions with pre-reactive complexes such as CH3OH + OH. Show more
Journal / seriesJournal of Chemical Theory and Computation
Pages / Article No.
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society (ACS)
Organisational unit09602 - Richardson, Jeremy / Richardson, Jeremy
175696 - Quantum Tunnelling in Molecular Systems from First Principles (SNF)
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