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dc.contributor.author
Reiss, Stefan
dc.contributor.author
Franchina, Vittoria
dc.contributor.author
Jutzi, Chiara
dc.contributor.author
Willardt, Robin
dc.contributor.author
Jonas, Eva
dc.date.accessioned
2021-01-12T07:47:47Z
dc.date.available
2020-12-25T06:58:01Z
dc.date.available
2021-01-12T07:47:47Z
dc.date.issued
2020-12-08
dc.identifier.issn
1932-6203
dc.identifier.other
10.1371/journal.pone.0243193
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/458588
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000458588
dc.description.abstract
The COVID-19 pandemic has interrupted everyday life virtually everywhere in the world, enabling real-life research on threat-and-defense processes. In a survey conducted within the first days of implementing social distancing measures in Austria and Germany, we aimed to explore the pathways from threat perception to preferences of defense strategies. We found that anxiety, approach-related affect, and reactance were specifically elicited by motivational (vs. epistemic) discrepancies. In a second step, we tested the mediating effect of anxiety, approach-related affect, and reactance on preferences regarding personal-social and concrete-abstract defenses. Experiencing anxiety was related to interest in security-related actions, and approach-affect was related to both personal projects and social media use. Participants experiencing reactance were more inclined to pursue personal projects (personal-abstract) and less interested in security-related (personal-concrete) actions. They also showed marginally lower system justification (social-abstract). Additionally, we examined the relationship of loneliness with defense strategies, showing that loneliness was associated with lower system justification and security behaviors. The results suggest that individuals deal with threat in their own ways, mostly depending on affective state and motivational orientation: Anxiety was related to security, approach-state to action (both social and personal), reactance to derogation of the system and disregard for security, while loneliness was associated with inaction. © 2020 Reiss et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
PLOS
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title
From anxiety to action—Experience of threat, emotional states, reactance, and action preferences in the early days of COVID-19 self-isolation in Germany and Austria
en_US
dc.type
Journal Article
dc.rights.license
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
ethz.journal.title
PLoS ONE
ethz.journal.volume
15
en_US
ethz.journal.issue
12
en_US
ethz.journal.abbreviated
PLoS ONE
ethz.pages.start
e0243193
en_US
ethz.size
15 p.
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
publishedVersion
en_US
ethz.identifier.wos
ethz.identifier.scopus
ethz.publication.place
San Francisco, CA
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.date.deposited
2020-12-25T06:58:06Z
ethz.source
SCOPUS
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2021-01-12T07:47:56Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2024-02-02T12:49:47Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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