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dc.contributor.author
Sanchez-Lorenzo, A.
dc.contributor.author
Vaquero-Martinez, J.
dc.contributor.author
Calbó, J.
dc.contributor.author
Wild, M.
dc.contributor.author
Santurtun, A.
dc.contributor.author
Lopez-Bustins, J. A.
dc.contributor.author
Vaquero, J. M.
dc.contributor.author
Folini, D.
dc.contributor.author
Antón, M.
dc.date.accessioned
2021-01-11T10:22:53Z
dc.date.available
2021-01-03T03:38:40Z
dc.date.available
2021-01-11T10:22:53Z
dc.date.issued
2021-03
dc.identifier.issn
0013-9351
dc.identifier.issn
1096-0953
dc.identifier.other
10.1016/j.envres.2020.110626
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/458874
dc.description.abstract
The current pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is having negative health, social and economic consequences worldwide. In Europe, the pandemic started to develop strongly at the end of February and beginning of March 2020. Subsequently, it spread over the continent, with special virulence in northern Italy and inland Spain. In this study we show that an unusual persistent anticyclonic situation prevailing in southwestern Europe during February 2020 (i.e. anomalously strong positive phase of the North Atlantic and Arctic Oscillations) could have resulted in favorable conditions, e.g., in terms of air temperature and humidity among other factors, in Italy and Spain for a quicker spread of the virus compared with the rest of the European countries. It seems plausible that the strong atmospheric stability and associated dry conditions that dominated in these regions may have favored the virus propagation, both outdoors and especially indoors, by short-range droplet and aerosol (airborne) transmission, or/and by changing social contact patterns. Later recent atmospheric circulation conditions in Europe (July 2020) and the U.S. (October 2020) seem to support our hypothesis, although further research is needed in order to evaluate other confounding variables. Interestingly, the atmospheric conditions during the Spanish flu pandemic in 1918 seem to have resembled at some stage with the current COVID-19 pandemic. © 2020 Elsevier Inc.
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
Elsevier
en_US
dc.subject
COVID-19 disease
en_US
dc.subject
Atmospheric circulation
en_US
dc.subject
North Atlantic Oscillation
en_US
dc.subject
Air humidity
en_US
dc.subject
1918 Spanish flu
en_US
dc.title
Did anomalous atmospheric circulation favor the spread of COVID-19 in Europe?
en_US
dc.type
Journal Article
dc.date.published
2020-12-17
ethz.journal.title
Environmental Research
ethz.journal.volume
194
en_US
ethz.journal.abbreviated
Environ. res.
ethz.pages.start
110626
en_US
ethz.size
9 p.
en_US
ethz.identifier.wos
ethz.identifier.scopus
ethz.publication.place
San Diego, CA
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02350 - Dep. Umweltsystemwissenschaften / Dep. of Environmental Systems Science::02717 - Institut für Atmosphäre und Klima / Inst. Atmospheric and Climate Science::03360 - Schär, Christoph / Schär, Christoph
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02350 - Dep. Umweltsystemwissenschaften / Dep. of Environmental Systems Science::02717 - Institut für Atmosphäre und Klima / Inst. Atmospheric and Climate Science::03360 - Schär, Christoph / Schär, Christoph
ethz.date.deposited
2021-01-03T03:39:01Z
ethz.source
SCOPUS
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Metadata only
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2021-01-11T10:23:03Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2021-01-11T10:23:03Z
ethz.rosetta.exportRequired
true
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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