- Journal Article
Shaded relief is an effective method for visualising terrain on topographic maps, especially when the direction of illumination is adapted locally to emphasise individual terrain features. However, digital shading algorithms are unable to fully match the expressiveness of hand-crafted masterpieces, which are created through a laborious process by highly specialised cartographers. We replicate hand-drawn relief shading using U-Net neural networks. The deep neural networks are trained with manual shaded relief images of the Swiss topographic map series and terrain models of the same area. The networks generate shaded relief that closely resemble hand-drawn shaded relief art. The networks learn essential design principles from manual relief shading such as removing unnecessary terrain details, locally adjusting the illumination direction to accentuate individual terrain features, and varying brightness to emphasise larger landforms. Neural network shadings are generated from digital elevation models in a few seconds, and a study with 18 relief shading experts found that they are of high quality. © 2020 IEEE. Show more
Journal / seriesIEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
Pages / Article No.
SubjectRelief shading; Shaded relief; Hillshade; Neural rendering; Illustrative visualisation; Image-to-image translation
Organisational unit03466 - Hurni, Lorenz / Hurni, Lorenz
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