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dc.contributor.author
Descombes, Patrice
dc.contributor.author
Pitteloud, Camille
dc.contributor.author
Defossez, Emmanuel
dc.contributor.author
Kergunteuil, Alan
dc.contributor.author
Allard, Pierre-Marie
dc.contributor.author
Rasmann, Sergio
dc.contributor.author
Pellissier, Loïc
dc.date.accessioned
2021-02-02T11:51:13Z
dc.date.available
2021-01-12T06:32:21Z
dc.date.available
2021-01-28T12:20:35Z
dc.date.available
2021-02-02T11:51:13Z
dc.date.issued
2020-12-18
dc.identifier.issn
0036-8075
dc.identifier.issn
1095-9203
dc.identifier.other
10.1126/science.abd7015
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/461483
dc.description.abstract
Herbivory and plant defenses exhibit a coupled decline along elevation gradients. However, the current ecological equilibrium could be disrupted under climate change, with a faster upward range shift of animals than plants. Here, we experimentally simulated this upward herbivore range shift by translocating low-elevation herbivore insects to alpine grasslands. We report that the introduction of novel herbivores and increased herbivory disrupted the vertical functional organization of the plant canopy. By feeding preferentially on alpine plants with functional traits matching their low-elevation host plants, herbivores reduced the biomass of dominant alpine plant species and favored encroachment of herbivore-resistant small-stature plant species, inflating species richness. Supplementing a direct effect of temperature, novel biotic interactions represent a neglected but major driver of ecosystem modifications under climate change.
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
American Association for the Advancement of Science
en_US
dc.title
Novel trophic interactions under climate change promote alpine plant coexistence
en_US
dc.type
Journal Article
dc.date.published
2020-12-18
ethz.journal.title
Science
ethz.journal.volume
370
en_US
ethz.journal.issue
6523
en_US
ethz.pages.start
1469
en_US
ethz.pages.end
1473
en_US
ethz.grant
Lif3web: The present and future spatial structure of tri-trophic networks
en_US
ethz.identifier.wos
ethz.identifier.scopus
ethz.publication.place
Washington, DC
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02350 - Dep. Umweltsystemwissenschaften / Dep. of Environmental Systems Science::02722 - Institut für Terrestrische Oekosysteme / Institute of Terrestrial Ecosystems::09553 - Pellissier, Loïc / Pellissier, Loïc
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02350 - Dep. Umweltsystemwissenschaften / Dep. of Environmental Systems Science::02722 - Institut für Terrestrische Oekosysteme / Institute of Terrestrial Ecosystems
en_US
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02350 - Dep. Umweltsystemwissenschaften / Dep. of Environmental Systems Science::02722 - Institut für Terrestrische Oekosysteme / Institute of Terrestrial Ecosystems::09553 - Pellissier, Loïc / Pellissier, Loïc
ethz.grant.agreementno
162604
ethz.grant.fundername
SNF
ethz.grant.funderDoi
10.13039/501100001711
ethz.grant.program
Projekte Lebenswissenschaften
ethz.date.deposited
2021-01-06T03:34:47Z
ethz.source
WOS
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Metadata only
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2021-01-12T06:32:35Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2022-03-29T05:02:22Z
ethz.rosetta.exportRequired
true
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
dc.identifier.olduri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/459683
dc.identifier.olduri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/459684
ethz.COinS
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