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dc.contributor.author
Korporaal, Michelle
dc.contributor.author
Ruginski, Ian T.
dc.contributor.author
Fabrikant, Sara I.
dc.date.accessioned
2021-03-08T09:20:19Z
dc.date.available
2021-01-26T17:19:38Z
dc.date.available
2021-03-08T07:40:27Z
dc.date.available
2021-03-08T09:20:19Z
dc.date.issued
2020-08
dc.identifier.other
10.3389/fcomp.2020.00032
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/465760
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000465760
dc.description.abstract
Most of our daily activities in a highly mobile digital society require timely spatial decision-making. Much of such decision-making is supported by map displays on various devices with different modalities. Spatial information visualized on maps, however, is always subject to a multitude of uncertainties. If space-time decision-makers are not informed about potential uncertainties, misleading, or at worst, life-threatening outcomes might result from map-based decisions. Therefore, data uncertainties should be communicated to decision-makers, especially when they are made with limited time resources and when decision outcomes can have dramatic consequences. Thus, the current study investigates how data uncertainty visualized in maps might influence the process and outcomes of spatial decision-making, especially when made under time pressure in risky situations. Although there is very little empirical evidence from prior uncertainty visualization research that considered decision time constraints, we hypothesized that uncertainty visualization would also have an effect on decision-making under time critical and complex decision contexts. Using a map-based helicopter landing scenario in mountainous terrain, we found that neither time pressure nor uncertainty affected participants decision-making accuracy. However, uncertainty affected participants' decision strategies, and time pressure affected participants' response times. Specifically, when presented with two equally correct answers, participants avoided uncertainty more often at a cost of landing distance (an equally important decision criteria). We interpret our results as consistent with a loss-aversion heuristic and suggest implications for the study of decision-making with uncertainty visualizations.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
Frontiers Research Foundation
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject
uncertainty
en_US
dc.subject
visualization
en_US
dc.subject
decision-making
en_US
dc.subject
time pressure
en_US
dc.subject
usability
en_US
dc.subject
geographic information
en_US
dc.subject
interface evaluation
en_US
dc.title
Effects of Uncertainty Visualization on Map-Based Decision Making Under Time Pressure
en_US
dc.type
Journal Article
dc.rights.license
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
dc.date.published
2020-08-31
ethz.journal.title
Frontiers in Computer Science
ethz.journal.volume
2
en_US
ethz.pages.start
32
en_US
ethz.size
20 p.
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
publishedVersion
en_US
ethz.publication.place
Lausanne
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00003 - Schulleitung und Dienste::00022 - Bereich VP Forschung / Domain VP Research::02803 - Collegium Helveticum / Collegium Helveticum
en_US
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00003 - Schulleitung und Dienste::00022 - Bereich VP Forschung / Domain VP Research::02803 - Collegium Helveticum / Collegium Helveticum
en_US
ethz.date.deposited
2021-01-26T17:19:46Z
ethz.source
FORM
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2021-03-08T07:40:39Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2022-03-29T05:39:55Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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